To provide specific details and actions to prevent the transmission of Hepatitis B. To educate students and employees in regards to means of exposure, universal precautions and protective equipment, and to provide an opportunity for vaccination.
This program applies to
A. Background Information
1. Hepatitis B is a highly contagious virus that infects hundreds of thousands of Americans each year. It enters the bloodstream and silently invades liver cells. In the mildest case, one may not be aware of the virus – it can be gone in six months. Some people become carriers for life infecting others while in more severe cases; the disease may lead to liver cancer and death.
2. The virus is obtained through direct contact with blood or body fluids.
a. Exposure may occur as a result of sex, open wounds, mucous membranes (mouth or vaginal), sharing razors, nail clippers, sharing needles, handling contaminated laundry, contact with human blood, etc…
b. Treatment – At the present time there is no cure. Rest and high protein and carbohydrate diet to repair cells and protect the liver are the only treatment.
B. Exposure Control Plan
Since it is possible to be infected through a single exposure, opportunities for exposure must be prevented to the greatest degree possible. To that end, the following are:
a. Identification of classification, activities, and classes in which exposure may occur. At the present time the following classifications, groups, students, etc. have been identified as having exposure:
3. Law Enforcement Police Officers
4. Custodians (including student help)
6. Medical Technician Students
8. Resident Advisors and Directors
9. Environmental Heath and Safety Director
10. HPEA Faculty
11. HPEA Trainers
2. Supervisors, chairpersons, coaches and others who direct subordinates or students in the above classifications who can reasonably anticipate skin, eye, mucous membrane, or paternal contact with blood or other potentially infectious materials that may result from the performance of an employees duties or a students in their participation in formal university activities shall familiarize themselves, their subordinates and/or students with potential exposure via a structured training room.
a. Training program contents:
1. Background information about the virus
2. List of tasks and procedures in which exposure may occur. Exposure determination shall be made without regard to the use of personal protective equipment.
3. Universal Precautions
4. Appropriate personal protective equipment
5. Proper handling and disposal of contaminated waste
b. Students will receive training through regular scheduled classes and/or instructors. Employees will participate in an annual program arranged by EHS.
3. Other exposure groups such as athletes and education majors will be made aware of Hepatitis B transmission through health education programs and services
C. Universal Precautions
a. Personnel identified as having an exposure shall employ the following universal precautions
1. Use protective gloves/clothing when in contact with blood/body fluids
2. Wash hands thoroughly and immediately after contamination with blood/body fluids
3. Use special ventilation devices and wear gloves while resuscitating
4. Sterilize and disinfect instruments/devices
5. Disposable contaminated items/wastes prominently with “Blood and Body Fluid Precautions”
D. Safe Practices
a. Wash hands often and thoroughly
b. Use gloves whenever performing cleaning operations and handling wastes
c. Personnel using needles and other contaminated sharps shall not bend or recap sharps
d. Immediately or as soon as possible after use, contaminated reusable sharps shall be placed in appropriate containers until properly reprocessed
1. Containers shall be puncture resistant, labeled or color-coded and leak proof on the sides and bottoms.
e. Eating, drinking, smoking, applying cosmetics or lip balm and handling contact lenses are prohibited in exposure areas or situations
f. Food and drink shall not be kept in refrigerators, freezers, shelves, cabinets, or on countertops or bench tops where blood or other potentially infectious materials are present.
1. When there is an exposure to employees, the University will provide, at no cost to employee(s) appropriate personal protective equipment such as but not limited to gloves, gowns, laboratory coats, face shields, masks and eye protection. Students will be expected to purchase all necessary equipment not supplied as part of normal class activity.
1. Hepatitis B vaccination shall be made available after employees and students have received training and within 10 days of initial assignment to a job classification noted above B. –1.-a. or a class where exposure could occur.
2. Employees and students declining vaccination must sign a declination statement.
3. The university will provide the vaccination at no cost to employees. Students with the exception of the Fall Semester of 1992 are expected to have been vaccinated prior to the first class. Fall semester 1992 students with an exposure and requesting a vaccine may participate in the campus vaccine program at a cost to be determined by the Hepatitis B committee.
a. The Human Resources
Department shall maintain a record for each employee who has an exposure and
1.) dates and status of vaccinations
2.) copy of all results of examinations, medical testing.
1.) the date of training sessions
2.) contents or summary of session
3.) names & qualification of trainer (s)
4.) names and job titles of all persons attending the training sessions
a. records shall be maintained for 5 years from the date on which the training occurred.
1. Following a report of an exposure incident, the employee or student shall inform his or her supervisor or instructor. The University will make available, at no cost to the employee or student, a confidential medical evaluation and a follow-up exam. The exam will be scheduled through the Occupational Safety Officer in terms of University employees while student(s) will use the student health center. All reports will be maintained in a confidential manner. Documentation of the route(s) of exposure and the circumstances under which the exposure incident occurred, as well as the source, will be documented in a confidential manner.