Rebirth and Renewal
This is our last issue of the academic year, and one of our
focal points is the culture and history of central Pennsylvania.
We have two articles in honor of that long-established
Pennsylvania tradition, trout fishing, as well
as an article and hike that introduce you to Henry Shoemaker,
the collector and author of many of Pennsylvania's legends.
There is also an article on what we hope will be an
Pennsylvania Culture Festival. In addition, you'll
find our usual variety of articles, creative works, and updates
on events of interest.
We'd like to thank all of our outstanding contributors, as well
as those of you who have sent messages of encouragement over the
past year. We hope that your support will continue so that
we can resume publication next Fall. Enjoy the
Pennsylvania Culture Festival
On April 15th, the Environmental Focus Group of Lock Haven
University will be sponsoring a celebration of Pennsylvania
Culture on the LHU campus. Events include the following:
Folklorist Jeffrey Frazier will read from his
Tales book series on April 15th, at 7:00 p.m. in the PUB
MultiPurpose Room. The Pennsylvania Fireside Tales feature
folktales and legends whose roots date back to the Civil War and
beyond, including episodes from the Civil War and tales about
the early hunting days in Pennsylvania. The narratives also
include tales from the Indian era in Pennsylvania, with actual
Pennsylvania Indian legends told to early settlers by the
Indians and never-before-published oral histories of how
peoples' ancestors sometimes escaped from their Indian captors
or sometimes married them. There are also stories of lost
treasure, hidden gold, gypsies, moonshiners, enormous snakes,
and other exaggerated animals as well as a heavy dose of
supernatural-related tales about ghosts, witches, haunted
houses, and other strange episodes. This event is part of LHU's
Pennsylvania Authors' Reading Series. For more information
contact Professor Marjorie Maddox Hafer.
Johnson will exhibit works from his series "The
Story of Job" in the PUB MultiPurpose Room on April
15th, from 5:00 p.m. to
Story of Job" is the work of Johnson's alter ego,
Job Johnson, a fictional/historical artist who lived in
central Pennsylvania from 1860 to 1937. Jeremiah notes that
with this project, he is
blurring the lines between fact and fiction through art,
history, and folklore."
works are graphite drawings on hand-made paper and they are
beautifully framed with branches. One central theme is the
environmental history of central Pennsylvania, and Johnson is
also fascinated with the folklore of this area, including ghost
On April 15th,
from 12-1 p.m., Melissa Becker and Friends will present a
concert of folk music on Russell Lawn.
On April 15th,
from 1-3 p.m. in PUB #4, students will be reading creative works
that reflect Pennsylvania's culture and heritage. Students from
Professor Marjorie Maddox Hafer's Pennsylvania Authors class and
from Professor Dana Washington's Creative Nonfiction class will
be reading original narratives, essays, myths, folktales, and
monologues that focus on Pennsylvania.
Art of the Natural World Series will present "Recycle, Reuse,
Renew" from April 6th to April 30th. The show will be in the
lower Bentley gallery, and hands-on activities will be in
This year's exhibition celebrates
the connection between manmade and natural resources and our
environment, and the positive impact an artist can have on the
environment by using these resources wisely. This alternative
approach to art will utilize components that are recycled,
reused, or renewed. This show attracts visitors from
surrounding communities and local school districts. Docent
tours and "hands-on art" activities will be featured for
scheduled school groups. For more information about showing
your work, contact Prof. Melinda Hodge at
firstname.lastname@example.org. If you're
interested in bringing a school group, contact Prof. Loretta
Dickson at email@example.com.
April 24th 2010, from 9 am to 4 pm
The Biology Club
will be celebrating Earth Day on Russell Lawn (rain
There will be
displays, music, speakers, raffles, nature films, and activities
for children (face painting, bird feeder making). If you are
interested in participating, or have any questions, email Cody
The Growth Of A Tradition:
Pennsylvania Trout Season Opening Day
McCaulley (LHU Police Officer)
February, and the last chance for my son and me to take our
shotguns for a walk was yesterday--it's now time to start
preparing for Pennsylvania’s opening day of trout season.
father got me involved in fishing and hunting at an early age. I
caught my first fish in 1978. I was 4 years old and pulled a
“trophy” bluegill out of the canal along Rt. 150 just outside of
Dunnstown. Mom took a picture, and you can tell from the look on
my face that, like my bluegill, I was hooked. The following year,
dad introduced me to the opening day of trout season in
Pennsylvania, and a tradition was started.
tell you about every opening day. Fortunately, dad or mom always
had a camera and captured the memories on film. Most of my early
opening days were spent on Big Pine Creek. Dad would find a spot
where the stream was close to the road. I loved fishing, but
I still got bored quickly. There are a lot of people on the stream
for the first day of trout season, and a bored kid
throwing rocks into the water does not sit well with most of
them. That’s one of the things I remembered when I started
taking my two children fishing: be sure to park close to the stream. When they have had enough, the worst thing you could do
to add to their boredom is make them walk any further than about
23 feet. Why 23 feet? Because when they reach 24 feet, they
start reminding you about how bored they are, how bad their legs
hurt, and how much they need a break. Often my kids will
the whole way back to the car, only to decide when we get there
that they want to fish more! But I suck it up and we walk back
to the water's edge and fish for another twenty minutes. I do it because it’s
fishing, we’re outdoors, and we’re together.
turned 12, dad started taking me to Upper Pine Bottom. Our first opening day on Upper Pine Bottom was also
the year I got my first pair of hip boots. I loved those things.
By about the second hour of the opening day, there is
well-worn path along the stream. But that didn’t stop me from
walking in the water as much as possible just because I could. I
remember finding many deep holes that day and testing my boots in every one of them.
and I felt like a million bucks. I was
secretly hoping that other people were watching me fish and
thinking how dedicated I must be because I was taking such a big
risk by going so deep into those holes.
the years, I’ve only missed one full opening day due to work. There were a couple others that I had
to work, but I was able to get out afterwards. When I was
younger, if dad couldn’t take me, I’d either walk up the road to
the neighbor’s pond or go behind the house and fish Big Plum
Run. I’d always end up catching a few native brook trout in one
of those places. I
remember years where it was so cold that ice formed on my rod
and my hands were so cold that I couldn’t bait my hook so I
fished a spinner the whole time. And I remember getting in dad’s
old Scout and covering up with a blanket on the back seat to
warm up. Sometimes I would go back to the Scout because I was starving and would stand there looking through the
window at the cooler because the door was locked. Of course my
dad didn't give me the key because he KNEW I would have
lost it. Then there was the year I fished by this girl. I was probably 14 or 15 years old. I didn’t say
one word to her, but pretended I was fishing behind her and
stayed close enough so she could see my “skills” and hoped the
whole time that she would ask me how many I caught. We
never spoke and I never saw her again.
our opening-day group had grown to my dad and me, my brother,
and a few friends. That was also the year we decided to camp for
the whole weekend. We were going to fish the left branch of
Young Woman’s Creek and spend the weekend in a tent. That was also the year we kind of
lost dad. Nothing happened to him. He just told us he was not
going to sleep in a tent so he stayed at his friend’s
camp. That turned out to be a smart decision. It only stopped raining
long enough for us to catch our limits of trout. The tent was
soaked so we slept in our cars. We were young and adventurous,
and we were able
to rig a tarp and three umbrellas in a way that kept most of the
rain off of us. That was the second worst weekend
our group has ever had and we loved every minute of it.
my brother got a camper, and we started
taking our kids with us. Quiet Oaks campground is located between Tamarack and Cross Forks. They have
sewer, water, and electric hook ups and we had two youngsters
with us so we figured we’d make it easy on all of us. Two
friends brought their sons along, too. We had a great time. We
sat around the campfire at night telling the kids about some of
our past outdoor excursions, watching jets fly over, and looking
for meteors. We caught enough trout that year to have a
wonderful fish fry. We also made our own beer battered onion
rings and hand-cut fries. All of which have become an annual
camp meal along with a trip to Cross Forks after dinner for ice
cream. That’s also the year the kids came up with a camp name.
We were now known as The Tamarack Fishing Club.
has changed since 2002. We did have our #1 worst weekend. In
2008, it rained and snowed Friday and Saturday and the
weather report was calling for a major snow storm to hit on
Sunday. We lost a tent and canopy to the wind Friday night. We
did fish the first day and caught a few, but we didn’t stay out
long. The weather kept us inside the camper, but again, we
still wouldn’t have wanted to be anywhere else.
gave me what’s necessary to ensure that our
photo albums and memories will continue to grow every year. My
brother and I have given this tradition to our children, and we
are confident it will be passed down through many more
County CleanScapes is a non-profit organization dedicated to
helping citizens cleanup our waterways and landscapes. Each
year numerous volunteers get together and participate in Clinton
County CleanScapes's cleanup efforts.
The first clean-up
of the year will be the banks of Fishing Creek, near Mill Hall,
on April 10th, from 9:30-11:30. If you're interesting in
participating, please contact Project Director Elisabeth Lynch
McCoy at 570-726-3511 or
firstname.lastname@example.org. For more
information about Clinton County CleanScapes, visit their
The Great Region
--Paul Leah (LHU Elementary Education Major)
an avid fly fisherman for over fourteen years, I feel very
fortunate to live in central Pennsylvania. There is little
debate that it is one of the top ten areas to fly fish for
trout in the USA. The three main streams that comprise this
great fishery are Penns Creek, Spring Creek, and the Little
Juniata. These are all great streams to fish and it is hard
to choose which one to go to on any given day, but you can’t
catch a fish if your line isn’t in the water; so I encourage
you to get out and try one or all three of them.
Spring Creek has the smallest amount of water of the three,
but don’t get that make you think that it has less fish. I
have heard a few people say “There is a fish behind every
rock!” If you have fished it before you might agree. The
great number of fish in the stream enable you the
opportunity to catch fish all day. The fish are always
hungry and usually feeding on something all day so “match
the hatch” and you will not be disappointed. The only
problem is that the trout do not get as big in this stream
as they do in the other two streams. The fish on average
range between six and twelve inches. For the biggest part
of Spring Creek there is a road that slithers through the
valleys right next to the stream. This allows fishermen who
have a hard time walking, an easy access right to the
stream. The downside of the road is that is can be
undesirable because you are fishing with cars driving by and
sometimes in some ones backyard.
Little Juniata, or “Little J,” has more water flow than
Spring Creek, and the fish in this stream are big and
healthy (on average from eight to fourteen inches). The fly
hatches are good and only getting better. The trout in this
stream fight fairly hard when caught, and if you fish there;
you are likely to have a few hook ups. There is a lot of
fishing pressure where the stream access areas are, but with
a good hike you can get to an area that has less pressure.
When I fish certain areas of this stream I often get caught
up looking around at the wonderful scenery. However there
are a few problems with the Little J. There is a set of
train tracks that follows the stream, and you can lose the
“in the middle of nowhere” feel when the train rumbles by.
There is also a lot of posted land, and access to prime
fishing can be limited if you aren’t willing to walk a few
miles. A good way that I have found to get fish this stream
is to canoe or kayak down it. It is an easy paddle that
lets you enjoy what is around you, find those “un-fished”
spots, and have some fun along the way. There are a few
campsites with fire pits along the way so can sleep
peacefully while listening to the stream.
Penns Creek has the most water flow, and it’s the most
humbling of the three streams. It has broken many anglers’
hearts because of “the one that got away.” It is also not
uncommon to walk back to your truck and hear “There were
fish feeding everywhere, and I did not catch one.” The
green drake hatch is the most profound hatch in the eastern
US. The water at times looks like it is boiling from the
great number of fish that are snatching flies off the
water’s surface. It is during this hatch that you will find
the most pressure on the stream. People come from all over
the world to get a chance to catch one of the large trout
that lurk below. The access to this stream is almost
unlimited. In the upper section, there is a road that
follows the stream, and that makes it very easy to access a
good spot. The middle and lower sections of Penns Creek
flow through nearly twenty-two miles of state forest. When
fishing on the stream you will see and enjoy nothing but
mountains, water, and a few scattered cabins. I have even
seen a few bald eagles while I was fishing. You will also
hear nothing but the rumbling of the water, the birds
chirping and the occasional fish pulling the line out of
your reel. I believe this stream holds the biggest fish of
all three streams ranging between ten and eighteen inches.
As I said before you can easily go through a day getting
“skunked” but believe me when I tell you that there is no
shortage of fish.
you enjoy fly fishing and you have not been to any of these
streams, I invite you to take on the challenge of fishing
these streams. I assure you that if you are a fly fisherman
there is not a place in the world that can capture your
heart like central Pa. If you are a beginner my suggestion
is to try Spring Creek, the Little J, and then Penns Creek
to test your progress. But if you think that you are an
all-star fisherman (like me) you should go to my favorite
stream; Penns Creek first it will help you humble yourself,
then go to the Little J to feel a little better, then Spring
Creek to boost your ego again.
Creek Watershed Association's Spring Events
--Jamie Walker (LHU Distributed
Saturday April 17th: Annual Watershed Cleanup – Volunteers
are needed to cleanup rail grade between Monument and
Orviston. Several enthusiastic and energetic people are
needed to help clean up a large site at the Breon Farm in
Romola. Contact Jamie Walker (email@example.com)
for details by April 14th.
Saturday April 24th: Tree planting in Sproul State Forest.
Our annual effort coordinated by retired forester Butch
Davey has helped to reforest many acres in the watershed.
Contact Jamie Walker (firstname.lastname@example.org)
for details by April 21st.
Friday April 23rd: Watershed Field Day. BCWA has collaborated with
Trout Unlimited and Mount Nittany Middle School teacher Joe
Walker (a LHU alum) to develop a field day to
expose 7th and 8th grade students to the impacts of resource
extraction in the Beech Creek watershed. Three sites will be
an unimpacted tributary to the North Fork of
Beech Creek. the Jonathan Run acid mine drainage (AMD)
treatment system construction site; (2)
acid mine drainage (AMD)
impacted sections of the North Fork of Beech Creek and
Little Sandy Run; and (3)
the Jonathan Run acid mine drainage (AMD)
treatment system construction site.
A few “field guides” are needed to help
students collect and assess water quality and macrobenthic
samples. If you are interested in helping that day please
contact Jamie Walker (email@example.com).
Saturday July 10th: The Second Annual Bricktown Challenge
Canoe and Kayak Race at the Bald Eagle State Park. Racing (7
miles) and Recreational Classes (4 miles). Recreational
class involves a poker run with the grand prize being a new
kayak. Watch the
Beech Creek Watershed website for 2010 race details and
updates. Proceeds from the event will be used for
construction of the Bricktown Trail a proposed 24 mile rail
trail connecting the towns of Orviston, Monument,
Beech Creek, Howard, and the Curtin Village Historic Site.
details about all of these events can be found on the
--Zach Fishel (LHU English Major)
in the morning air like the partridge does her children.
It carries the scent of fishing worms,
The earthy musk of the Lazarus blooms,
bolstering once dead seedlings to life.
At the first cracking of soil,
the bell-shaped mouths of daffodils
crane their green necks skyward,
to collect the first mist of the rain that has come to replace
trees begin to move again
like the Ents, arousing from their lethargy with purpose to
end the grip of winter once again.
No matter how harsh the winter’s abuse,
The spirit of the blossoms will not break.
all comes the lilacs,
looking as if purple smoke has lit the world ablaze.
It dances like geishas in the roar of the lion’s wind
and works like a hot coal into the most skeletal of branches.
They carry us into summer with their honey perfume,
reminding me of baseball and lemonade.
How we shan’t forget the lilac,
delicately composed as the fife of summer,
and the eye shadow of April.
Toll Route 80?
--Greg Walker (LHU Sociology Professor)
Tolling is a terrible way to pay for roads. It is
very costly to build the infrastructure and to staff the booths. It
also discourages people from using the road and thus damages small
businesses. I-80 is tolled in Ohio. It is like
a tube where very large corporations repeat themselves to a
captive consumer. MacDonalds, Starbucks. MacDonalds,
Starbucks. A traveler through Ohio never knows the little towns
along the way.
attack tolling, however, because they feel that mass transportation in large cities are the main beneficiaries
of toll revenue. They argue that to
subsidize mass transit with revenue from motorists would not be
fair. This is, however, an incomplete picture.
Mass transit, especially passenger trains, died largely
because people chose automobiles. But automobiles have benefitted
from intense subsidization. We poured tax money into roads so
motorists could use them. Yet there was no federal tax on
gasoline until the 1950s. Since that time, the gas tax has
never been nearly enough to cover the construction and
maintenance of roads. In fact, when crude oil prices rise, so
does the cost of road maintenance and oil-based asphalt. It is
political suicide for politicians to raise gas taxes at these
times. The difference comes from all sources, including property
and income taxes.
this to the lowly railroad. It actually pays local taxes
everywhere it stretches. When its rails need maintenance, it
pays for it and passes the costs to the consumer--which is what
freight haulers are supposed to do. It insures every crossing.
In spite of this relative lack of subsidization, a truck would
need to get 60 miles per gallon to compete with the train (without factoring the cost of wages and insurance for each
used to carry people. Riders bought a ticket that supported the
train. Trains were very common. Dig through the main streets
in any city you would find old rails. I remember seeing an old
photo of the Market House building here in Lock Haven. A rail
line would bring shoppers from Renovo to fill the streets.
city, there are more taxpayers per mile of road. Economists
call this a “donor region” because tax revenue from there comes
to rural areas like ours where that taxpayer/roadmile ratio is
reversed. Many hardworking, red-blooded Americans who ride the
train in Philadelphia pay taxes so that public snowplows can dig
out our hobby farms. We are the welfare queens. But
politicians won’t tell you this.
are other costs of our car culture. Do gas taxes pay all of the
volunteer efforts to save lives after a pile up? The answer can
be found where they sell Christmas trees at the hose company.
Who pays for our health problems that come from cars? Michael
Friedman studied Atlanta during the 1996 Summer Olympics.
Atlanta restricted traffic at that time and Friedman found
“asthma acute events” dropped more than 40% by two measures.
Other studies show walking to public transit in urban areas
makes you thinner. One wonders what heart disease did not
would be sticker shock if motorists had to stand alone without
subsidies and pay for
the consequences of their addiction. I don’t think we should toll Route
80. But I do think motorists should pay their way.
--J. M. Price (LHU Exploratory Studies Major)
“I will try to tell you what they are. They are
portions of the heart of the earth that have escaped from the
dungeon down below, and rushed up and out. For the heart of the
earth is a great wallowing mass, not of blood, as in the hearts
of men and animals, but of glowing hot, melted metals and
stones. And as our hearts keep us alive, so that great lump of
heat keeps the earth alive: it is huge power of buried
sunlight-that is what it is.” - George MacDonald
bits and slices
Of the heart
Heart of the
dark, fiery dungeon
Of our Earth-a
of heat and stone and
Burning, churning, turning
icy, frigid planet’s façade
Buried burning light
Burning, churning, turning
Keeping our earth blooming
--Cliff Harmon (LHU Communication Media Major)
day across the world, billions of gallons of water are used and
recycled. It is important to know the process in which this
water goes through because believe it or not, you may be using
it again in some way, shape or form.
all wastewater is the same. There is domestic wastewater, which
includes water from homes, hospitals, schools, and businesses
disposed through toilets, sinks, washer machines showers etc.
Then there is industrial wastewater, which comes from the
operation of manufacturing plants and industries. There is also
storm water runoff from roads, roofs, drains and excess
groundwater. Wastewater from all these sources travels through
sewage lines, eventually ending up at a wastewater treatment
Wastewater treatment facilities process wastewater to separate
trash and other material particles from the wastewater until
just sludge and contaminated water remain. The trash and
material particles are removed and disposed of while the sludge
and water are treated through several separate processes to
remove harmful bacteria.
treatment facilities remove the sludge from the water and
process it to improve the quality of the material. One common
method of treatment is the use of good bacteria that feeds on
the harmful bacteria and other dangerous microorganisms. For
example, “Acid Formers” are bacteria which eat the sludge and
give off acid. “Methane Formers” are another bacteria that eat
sludge and give off methane. Chemicals are sometimes added
depending on amount of contaminates in sludge. Once sludge is
tested and meets EPA (Environmental Protective Agency)
requirements, it is then deemed as bio-sludge, and can be used
in fields as a conditioner for example.
sludge is removed, the remaining water is referred to as liquid
effluent. At this point, the liquid effluent is still
contaminated with pollutants, dangerous bacteria and possible
chemicals. It must be processed to remove any of these harmful
additives before it can be returned to the environment. Once
effluent passes test, it is stored momentarily to allow harmful
microorganisms to die off, and then released back into the
environment. Effluent is commonly used in farmland irrigation
Haven Sewage Treatment Plant was built from 1947 to 1954. The
plant serves all of Lock Haven City, Woodward Township, Castanea
Township, Flemington, Mill Hall, Bald Eagle Township and the
East Nittany Valley Joint Authority. The plant uses
approximately 40 million gallons of water per year and receives
six million gallons of waste. Currently, there are only 10
employees at the STP, but a new facility is in the planning
process and will start being built relatively soon. “Because
the new plant is significantly larger than the one we have now,
we will hire a few new staff, exactly how many we don’t know,”
said Mike Glantz, superintendent of Lock Havens STP.
expensive to run a wastewater treatment facility. The Lock
Haven STP has an annual average operating cost of $650,000.
However, this operation cost only covers treatment of the
sewage, nothing else. “Annual cost varies upon the amount of
flow the treatment plant sees,” said Jason Dershem, Lock Haven’s
City Engineer. “If the influent increases, the cost to treat
will increase.” Currently, the average flow per day is about
2.25 million gallons.
can assist in the treatment of wastewater simply by conserving
water. Water conservation essentially helps in regard to the
amount of water that needs to be processed at treatment
facilities. People can also help by not putting harmful
chemical solutions into drains, toilets, and sinks. Residue
from chemical solutions can remain in water after it is
processed, eventually ending up back into the environment.
interested in the history of central Pennsylvania will sooner or
later come across the name Henry Shoemaker. If you've ever read
one of Pennsylvania's roadside historical markers, or if you've
ever head the legend of Penn's Cave, in which the lover of
Princess Nita-nee is drowned by her brothers, you have been
affected by the work of Henry Shoemaker. Over the break I read
Simon J. Bronner's
Popularizing Pennsylvania: Henry W.
Shoemaker and the Progressive Uses of Folklore and History
(available at Stevenson Library). I found the story of the man
some called "Mr. Pennsylvania" fascinating.
Born in New
York City in 1880, Shoemaker spent much of his life in nearby
McElhattan, at his family home Restless Oaks (now the Madison
Restaurant and Wellington Bed & Breakfast). While at Columbia
University, he began writing up the central Pennsylvania
folklore stories that he had been collecting, and in the first
two decades of the twentieth century he published over twenty
books of folklore. Stevenson Library has fifteen of these
books, and several can be found online. One of Shoemaker's most
interesting books is his 1917 tourist's guide to central
Eldorado Found: The Central Pennsylvania Highlands. He
points out that even though most of the roads in central
Pennsylvania are unsuitable for automobiles, "even Fords," the
scenery of the area is especially well-suited for tourism. An
early environmentalist, Shoemaker often voices his fear that the
lumber industry would destroy the Pennsylvania woods that he
of Theodore Roosevelt's Progressivism (thus Bronner's subtitle),
Shoemaker was close friends with Gifford Pinchot, Roosevelt's
Chief of the U.S. Forest Service. When Pinchot became Governor
of Pennsylvania in 1923, he appointed Shoemaker Chair of the
Pennsylvania Historical Commission. It was during this time
that Shoemaker wrote approximately 4,000 of the state's
historical markers. In 1948 he was appointed Pennsylvania's
first state folklorist, a position he held until 1956. Bronner
points out that in the 1940s there was a new emphasis on
"heritage" as a way of building the cultural unity that was
necessary to fight World War II.
In the 1950s
scholars in the new field of folklore attacked Shoemaker for the
literary enhancements in his legends, and for his belief that
there is a unique Pennsylvanian culture. The
surprisingly mean-spirited nature of the attacks after
Shoemaker's death in 1958 perhaps can be attributed to the insecurity of
a new academic discipline. In any case, Shoemaker's legacy
lives on through
reprints of his books, and in the memories of anyone who has
ever taken the boat ride through
Hike/Drive of the Month: Henry Shoemaker's
One of the things that drew me to Henry Shoemaker was his
interest in erecting monuments to commemorate local history.
As a result, McElhattan has more monuments per square mile than
most small towns. This approximately 6-mile hike takes you to
Shoemaker's home, and visits some of the places he commemorated.
The hike is entirely on pavement, so it could be driven, but
most of it is a walk on little-used roads.
To get to
the trailhead, take Route 220 North to the McElhattan exit.
Turn left and go .2 miles on McElhattan Drive to the Bald Eagle
Travel Plaza. Park your car and cross McElhattan Drive to
Fritz Road (parallel to McDonalds). A few feet down Fritz
Road is a monument erected by Henry Shoemaker to honor his
ancestor, Michael Quigle, one of the earliest settlers of McElhattan. Return to McElhattan Drive and turn left,
towards Rt. 220. Go .3 miles to the
Madison Restaurant/Wellington Bed
and Breakfast. This was the Shoemaker family home (Henry's
ancestors were among the earliest settlers of this area).
If you continue up this road, you can visit Zindel Park, which
is described in an
earlier Hemlock hike.
the stop sign and take a right onto Pine Mountain Road, and at
the first fork take a right onto Shoemaker Road. After 1.2 miles, cross Pine Mountain Road and
continue onto Spook Hollow Road.
Believe it or not, you are now on the ubiquitous
Mid-State Trail. After about .1 mile
(just past the junk yard) you will see a gravel road that leads
to a monument near the railroad
tracks. This is the former site of
Fort Horn, part of the chain of forts built by the early
settlers in the 1770s (the next fort in the line was Fort Reed,
which was located in Lock Haven, near the Jay Street Bridge).
Spook Hollow Road and continue to the right. Shortly after
crossing the railroad tracks, you will see a gravel road to the
left. This road leads across the railroad tracks to the
Quigle burial ground (beyond the yellow gate), which has some Revolutionary War
tombstones. Return to Spook Hollow Road and continue to follow it
along the Susquehanna River. After 1.8 miles, just before the overpass, you
will see a small monument to the Lenni Lenape Indian settlement
Canasorgu. This monument was erected by Shoemaker in 1913.
Continue on Spook Hollow
Road and take the first left after the underpass onto Old
Bridge Road. When you reach McElhattan Drive (.1 miles), turn right
and go .1 mile to Linwood Drive. Turn right and
follow Linwood for .2 miles to the Linwood Cemetery, which dates to 1898.
In the cemetery is a large column that is a tribute to Wayne
Township soldiers who have died in various wars, dating back to
the Civil War. The column is one of the original pillars
of the 1820 Pennsylvania State Capitol Building before it burned
in 1897 (see Lou Bernard, "Haven
History" The Eagle Eye [3/4/10]). Near the
column is a rough-hewn boulder, the grave of John H. Chatham
(1846-1923), whom Shoemaker called "The Bard of Central
Linwood (.4 mile) until it ends at McKinney Road, and turn left.
After .1 mile, continue straight onto Stabley Road and follow it
for .2 miles until you see a monument to the West Branch Camp
Meeting, which commemorates the religious revivals that were
held here from 1869-89.
Stabley, curving left until it ends at Youngdale Road, and turn
right. After .3 miles it will return to your car at the
Bald Eagle Plaza.
Bob Myers (Chair), Md. Khalequzzaman, Lenny Long, Jeff Walsh,
Danielle Tolton, John Crossen, Sandra Barney, David White, Tom
Ormond, Ralph Harnishfeger, and Barrie Overton. The committee is charged with promoting and
supporting activities, experiences, and structures that
encourage students, faculty, and staff to develop a stronger
sense of place for Lock Haven University and central
Pennsylvania. Such a sense of place involves a stewardship
of natural resources (environmentalism), meaningful outdoor
experiences, and appreciation for the heritage of the region.