The format of the test
will be multiple-choice questions. There will be 50 questions in the
test. You will use a scantron to bubble your
choices with a #2 pencil. Your answers will be scanned using a computer
program. A sample test containing several questions is provided as hyperlinks in the study guide. To see a sample
question that relate to a topic or term in the study guide, click on the
hyperlink for that topic or term. When you click on a hyperlink it will
open the sample test with the relevant question shown on top of the page.
The correct answer to
a question is highlighted. Keep in mind that these are just some
examples of types of questions that you will see in the test.
Chapter 1 and 24:
What is science (click on the link
to see the sample test question #1)? What steps or methods
are involved in doing science?
Know the difference between a scientific theory and hypothesis.
What is Earth Science and Earth System Science? Why do we need to
study Earth Science?
Know that the Universe > Galaxies > Solar System > Planets >
** What is the Big Bang Theory? What is the
basis of this theory? What is critical mass? What are some likely
possibilities about the fate of the Universe?
** What is the Nebular Hypothesis? How does this hypothesis help us understand or explain various observation about our planet, it’s atmosphere, ocean, magenosphere, and layered Earth.
** Know the names and order of all planets in the Solar system.
** Know the names of major moons (that we
discussed in the class) of Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn.
** What is differentiation
process? What is it responsible for?
** What is outgassing
or degassing? What is it responsible for?
** What is plane of ecliptic? How
do the planets relate to this plane of ecliptic?
** Know the internal structure
(different layers and their thickness) of Earth. How old is the Earth?
What is lithosphere? How thick is it? How many plates
** What is asthenosphere? How thick is it? What is it made of? What is convection current? Why is it important to know that there is convection current in the Mantle?
** What is magnetosphere?
How is it formed? Why is it important?
** What is the difference between declination and right ascension of the celestial sphere?
** Know what longitude, latitude,
prime meridian, parallels, great circles are.
** How was the Moon created? What
are major landforms found on the Moon?
** Understand the difference
between sidereal and synodic months. What causes the phases of the
Moon? Know the phases of the Moon.
** Know the internal structure of
the Sun (solar interior, photosphere, chromosphere,
and corona). What are solar flare, sunspots, spicules,
prominence, solar wind?
** What is electromagnetic
radiation? What is “visible” light spectrum? What is
spectroscopy? Why do scientists study lights coming from other
** What is a telescope? How
many different types of telescopes are there? What is the major
difference between them? What are desirable properties of a good