newsletter is part of an effort to help the Lock Haven University
community develop a deeper sense of place.
Such a sense of
place involves a stewardship of natural resources
(environmentalism), meaningful outdoor experiences, and
appreciation for the heritage of the region. Our goal is
to use this newsletter as a way to focus attention on the many
things we as a university are already doing in these areas, but
also to provide a forum to develop new activities. We
really want everyone--students, faculty, staff, management--to
be a part of this. We'd especially like to see articles on
how to integrate these ideas with the university's commitment to
diversity/internationalism, technological expertise, and student
engagement with the learning process. Please submit your ideas, comments,
to Bob Myers (firstname.lastname@example.org.)
Why "The Hemlock"?
Eastern Hemlock seems to be an appropriate symbol for what we're
trying to do. It's Pennsylvania's state tree, and it's
mentioned in Lock Haven University's Alma Mater ("Where
the hemlock, pine, and maple murmur in the night..."). And
it's a great tree with an interesting history. Hemlocks
can be found all over campus (there are three in front of
Akeley), and they're easy to recognize. Look for an
evergreen with a pyramid shape. The needles are
short (1/2"-1"), dark green on top, and the needles have two
whitish parallel lines on the bottom. The cones are small
and round. The tree is native to Pennsylvania and can grow
for up to 900 years. In the 19th-century most of the old
hemlocks were cut down and stripped of their bark for the tannic
acid that was used to tan hides. But there are a few
old-growth hemlocks left in this area: if you're willing to
drive an hour or so, giant hemlocks can be seen at
Glen State Park and
Alan Seeger Natural Area.
The biggest threat to the hemlocks today is the Wooly Adelgid, a
non-native insect. For more information, see the
Hemlocks web page.
What You Can Do About
--Danielle Tolton (LHU Biology major)
people believe that there is nothing we can do to fight global
warming since the problem is too far out of control.
However, there are little everyday things that can make a huge
difference in protecting and saving this place we all call home.
From throwing a piece of paper into a recycling receptacle to
renovating a house to make it more energy efficient, the opportunities
to begin the fight to stop global warming are endless.
First, it is
important to understand global warming. In simple terms,
greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide have formed a thick
blanket around the earth. This blanket of gases allows the sun’s
rays to shine through and heat the earth but keeps the reflected
rays from escaping the atmosphere. These trapped rays cause the
earth’s overall temperature to increase, thus creating global
warming. This rise in temperature leads to increased
rainfall (including more hurricanes and floods), warmer oceans,
and a melting of the ice caps at the poles. These changes
are destroying the delicate ecosystem of earth.
Much of the
carbon dioxide that is causing global warming is created by
humans. Car emissions release toxic fumes of carbon dioxide into
the air. Power plants burning
fossil fuels, which release carbon dioxide into the air.
The production of plastic products requires oil. Wasted
paper means the destruction of forests that would have helped to
remove the carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Simple
changes in your lifestyle can add up to make a difference.
Try some of the following ideas:
•carpool or walk
with less packaging
•take showers rather
than baths (and install a low-flow faucet in the shower)
•turn off all
appliances (e.g. computers) and lights when not in use
grocery bags rather than paper or plastic bags
•buy a water
bottle and refill it rather than using bottled water
florescent light bulbs
•drive at the
speed limit to increase your gas mileage significantly
As you can see,
these simple little things take little effort, and many of them
will save you money. And one of the best things you can do
is to educate others. By letting other people know about
the threat of global warming, you can help recruit others to
join in the fight. Global warming is a real problem,
but we can fight it. Are you ready to start saving our
planet? For more information please check out the
Environmental Protection Agency: Climate Change:
Information from the government about global warming.
•The Environmental Defense Fund: Global Warming: This
informative site discusses the facts of global
warming. They point out who is paying for the "bad science" that claims
that global warming is not a
•Global Warming Awareness Movement: A list of 50 simple
things that you can do to fight global warming.
•stopglobalwarming.org: A virtual march to stop global
Truth Carbon Calculator: Determine where
you stand in terms of the national average.
Recycling at LHU
--John Crossen (LHU Building Maintenance Foreman)
Lock Haven University has been
recycling for approximately twenty years. Our current Facilities
Department Director, Mr. David Proctor, initiated the recycling
program on his arrival at the university. We have been supported
by the Waste Management Department at the
Township Landfill, who established the recycling program for
Clinton County. They have provided us with the blue or green
collection boxes that are seen throughout campus. They also
supply and empty the large metal dumpsters that we fill with our
recyclables that the custodial and grounds department staff
pickup from around campus. Currently, we recycle the
paper--white or colored, magazines, books without covers (but
not golden yellow envelopes)
•Cans (except aerosol)
•Plastic bottles & containers
•Glass bottles & containers
•Computers & electronics
•Florescent light bulbs
people don't know that if a recycling container is contaminated
(non-recyclable items mixed in), it must be thrown away as
garbage. Thus, it's very important that you make sure to put
your recyclables in the correct container. Also, please
remember to rinse out your recyclables before putting them in
the bins. We are currently discussing ways to enhance our
recycling efforts, including new containers that might be easier
to distinguish. If you have any suggestions, please email
What is a "Sense of Place"?
Walsh (LHU Recreation Management Professor)
If you were asked to describe
your home town, what would you say about it? If Lock Haven is
not your home town and you were asked to describe it, what would
you say about Lock Haven? Would those two place descriptions
differ from one another? Do you have stronger feeling towards
one than you do the other? Do you know the place you feel
stronger about to better than you know the other place? Do you think
your descriptions of these two places would differ from other
individuals’ descriptions of the same places? Would there be
similarities in the descriptions? Thinking about your answers to
these questions and others, helps one to better understand the
sense of place concept.
Over the years, the sense of
place concept has been an area of inquiry and research for
human geographers, environmental psychologists, sociologists,
social ecologists, historians, urban planners, and even those
examining campus ecology. Researchers in these fields, and
others, have often explored the relationships between place,
setting, or environment and the human behaviors that occur in
those settings. Results from this line of research have, among
other things, suggested that it is common for individuals to
develop a “sense of a place” as a direct result of their
interaction(s) and experience(s) of a place and its unique
combination of characteristics or attributes.
Although some critics of the
sense of place concept refer to it as nebulous and therefore
of limited research value, others have investigated the concept
in an attempt to better understand how people feel, behave, and
interact in particular settings. Thus over the years, sense
of place has evolved from simply meaning “the general
feeling people have about a specific place” to becoming a more
sophisticated umbrella term for other place-related
concepts such as place attachment, place identity, and place
Many researchers investigating
the sense or meaning of place believe that individuals, through
interacting with a place, often become “attached” to that place.
Place attachment research has generally conceptualized
this attachment as consisting of two distinctly different
components: place identity- the emotional attachment to a
place as a form of self-identity or “this place, in some way,
represents who I am; and place dependence- a valuing a
place for its activity-related attributes or as a setting for
action (i.e. you become attached to a place because of its
usefulness for satisfying your needs and goals).
Sense of place research
has also uncovered a communality of place where a place
embodies shared meanings as a symbol of cultural significance.
This communality of place or the “social imageability” of
place can become a rallying point for community action. Locally,
the community action, the debates, and the unrest sparked by the
dike levee project or the Drake dump site in Lock Haven was
quite likely due to the fact that some people’s sense of
Lock Haven was threatened by either, or both, projects.
It is this potential power of sense of place that makes
it so alluring. For it seems intuitive that if one could
increase the tangibility of a sense of place to the point where
other community members shared a communal sense of place, many
issues such as sustainability, global warming, pollution,
environmental justice, and quality of life would seem to be far
Further Reading on "Sense of
•Eyles, J. (1985). Senses of Place. Cheshire,
England: Silverbrook Press.
•Greider, T., & Garkovich, L. (1994). Landscapes: The social
construction of nature and the environment.
Rural Sociology, 59:
•Stokols, D., & Shumaker, S.A. (1981). People in places: A
transactional view of settings. In J.H. Harvey (Ed.),
Cognition, Social Behavior, and
the Environment (pp. 441-488). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence
•Williams, D.R., Patterson, M.E., Roggenbuck, J.W., & Watson, A.
E. (1992). Beyond the commodity metaphor:
examining emotional and symbolic attachment to place.
Leisure Sciences, 14, 29-46.
Lick Run: The Best Hike 10
Minutes From Campus
Lick Run is a great short hike (4 miles
out & back/2 hours round
trip) that is close to campus. To get there from LHU, go
east on Water Street to the Jay Street Bridge (across from the
courthouse). Turn left onto the bridge, and then left onto
the Farrandsville Road. Follow the road for 6.6 miles.
At 3.3 miles (Queens Run) you need to turn left to stay on
Farrandsville Rd. At 5.2 miles, the road will bear right
and cross the railroad tracks, entering the town of
Farrandsville. Note the
Farrandsville iron furnace at 5.5 miles. The last 100
yards of the road are gravel, as you enter State Game Land 89.
At 6.6 miles you'll reach the stream (the road continues but is
usually gated at the bridge) Park your vehicle in the
parking lot to the right.
The gated trail is to the left of the road and follows the
stream for two miles through thickets of rhododendron and
forests of old hemlocks and tulip poplars. Just a few
yards up the trail on the left is a
stone fireplace that was probably used by the
Farrandsville Civilian Conservation Corp (CCC) camp that was
in this area from 1933-41. At 1/2 mile (10 minutes), the
Donut Hole Trail (orange blazes) leaves the Lick Run trail
on the left and continues for about 80 miles to Jericho, PA
(keep following the trail to the right).
Lick Run is classified as a
Trout Water, and on any given day, you might see turkeys,
deer. At the end of the trail there is a rock chair
(probably built by the CCC). Before you head
back to campus, relax by the stream, which has been designated a
Pennsylvania Wild & Scenic River. Although the trail is flat and
not especially difficult, it is often muddy, so you might
want to wear hiking boots. Also, since this is state game
land, you should pay attention to
seasons and wear bright orange when appropriate.
The History of
Matt Connor has been writing a
weekly series of articles for the Lock Haven Express on
Lock Haven history. The introductory article, "Rich and Colorful History,"
was published on January 11th, and a fascinating article on the
was published on January 18th. We'd also like to recommend
Clinton County, an excellent collection of old
photographs published as part of the Images of America Series
(Arcadia, 2007). Mr. Smith is Assistant Director of News
Services and Publications at LHU.
Environmental Journalism at
An Environmental Journalism
class will soon be offered at Lock Haven University.
According to the Eagle Eye (11/14/07): "The class,
created by Dr. Sharon Stringer, associate professor of
communication media, will look at national, state and local
issues concerning the environment. . . . Students will learn how
to translate environmental issues for the public in their
writing. Some of these issues may include, but are not limited
to the following: water quality, waste management and acid rain
run-off. With the current global warming issues, Stringer
believes that this is a good time to offer a class such as this.
The environment is important to the public and journalism
students will learn how to get this information out to the
people. 'It will give them a new specialization or
increase knowledge in a specialty area,' said Stringer. It will
increase their chances of getting employed after graduation,
providing greater opportunities for student's futures. Students
interested in public relations could find internships around
this area dealing with these issues, such as the Pennsylvania
Department of Environmental Resources in Williamsport."
--Elizabeth Regan (LHU English major)
Deep in the
lovely promises sleep.
They give watch,
stopping to sweep
the downy evening.
But between the darkest snow
the winds sweep through,
scattering the seedlings
away from the ice lacing the trees.
They feather the land
and take flight.
Spring arises like golden
and pink rays, flushing along
morning’s wisped clouds.
Indigo birds climb
from their woven nests, winging
through perfumed needles
of the forest.
A woman looks out from a loft,
brushing her raven tresses,
eyes soft and luminous, gazing
into the awakening land.
iConservePA: A web
site managed by the Pennsylvania Department of Conservation
and Natural Resources, whose vision is to inspire citizens
to value their natural resources, engage in conservation
practices and experience the outdoors.
WorldChanging.com works from a simple premise: that the
tools, models and ideas for building a better future lie all
around us. That plenty of people are working on tools for
change, but the fields in which they work remain unconnected.
That the motive, means and opportunity for profound positive
change are already present. That another world is not just
possible, it's here. We only need to put the pieces together.
Lock Haven in 1854 (probably
painted from Highland Cemetery behind the campus). Note
the absence of trees. For more information about this
image, visit the
Penn State Digital Library Collection.