Course Descriptions - E

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Early Childhood Education  |  Economics  |  Instructional Technology Education  |  Educational Leadership  | 

Educational Technology  |  Teaching and Learning  |  Education  |  Elementary and Middle Education  | English  |  Environmental Studies

ECED100 Introduction to Early Childhood Education

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

An examination of the historical, theoretical, and developmental foundations for young children, birth to 4th grade. While providing an orientation to early education of young children, topics will include the history of education, school law, ECED programs, current issues, families, and community.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ECED101 Cultures of Childhood

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

An introduction to the complex social and cultural factors that influence children's development and learning as well as the ethical guidelines that determine professional conduct and development.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ECED119 First Year Seminar for Education Students

[Minimum Semester Hours: 1 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 1sh ]

Designed to embed education program requirements into a required course and to support student achievement of Education program requirements. This course reviews campus services, certification requirements, and provides students with an overview of teacher education at Lock Haven University.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ECED150 Diversity in the Development of Infants, Toddlers and Young Children
[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3sh ]
Designed to offer an examination of the influence of culture, environment and context on development of infants, toddlers and young children across physical, cognitive and social/emotional domains of development.

Prerequisite: ( PSYC111 )

Corequisite:   None

ECED200 Observing and Assessing Young Children
[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]
An introduction to observing, documenting and assessing young children (birth-five years) using formal and informal assessment tools across all areas of development.

Prerequisite: ( ECED100 )

Corequisite: None

ECED212 Language Development in Early Childhood

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Provides a foundation of basic knowledge regarding language development in young children. Observation of and participation with young children are required.

Prerequisite: ( ECED100 AND PSYC111 )

Corequisite:   None

ECED220 Emerging Mathematics: Children from Birth through Age 4

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Addresses the acquisition of knowledge and skills related to the development of mathematics and science concepts for preprimary children.

Prerequisite: ( ECED100 )

Corequisite:   None

ECED225 Beginning Literacy

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Introduces appropriate methods for helping young children acquire literacy skills. The focus of this course is to provide students with information specific to children from PreK through grade 1. Students will learn to integrate literature with multiple curricular areas, how to assess young children's literacy, how to write appropriate lesson or activity plans, and what literature is appropriate for young children.

Prerequisite: ( ECED212 )

Corequisite:   None

ECED230 Family, School and Community Collaboration

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

An introduction to the complex social, cultural and family factors that influence children's development and learning, as well as, collaboration across family, school and community.

Prerequisite:  ECED100

Corequisite:   None

ECED240 Topics in PreK-4/Early Childhood Education

[Minimum Semester Hours: 2 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 2 sh]

Designed to review the PreK-4/Early Childhood Education program requirements for the developing portfolio. This Topics course will include an opportunity for students to observe children in diverse populations, discuss special topics in the field, and complete a framework for the developing portfolio.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ECED325 Assessment and Evaluation in Early Childhood Education

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3sh ]

Designed to address the acquisition of knowledge and skills related to the development, as well as the interpretation, of assessments used in Early Childhood classrooms.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ECED326 Child Guidance and Classroom Management (3.0 sh)

An introduction to child guidance, communication skills and classroom management techniques that promote positive relationships and learning in settings birth through fourth grade.

ECED331 Planning & Administering Early Childhood Programs: Fostering Partnerships w/Families&Communts
[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3sh ]
Designed to exam the principles of effective program design and administration appropriate for infants to kindergarten in a variety of settings. Content includes child development theory, educational practice and governmental regulations.

Prerequisite: ECED230

Corequisite:   None

ECED332 Developing Creative Expression
[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]
This junior level course is designed to examine the content and methods available to facilitate children’s expression through art, music and dramatic play within childcare, educational and academic settings.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite: None

ECED340 Creating Healthy Environments for Infants and Toddlers

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Designed to examine the content and methods of environments for infant and toddlers in caring, educational, academic and family/home and play settings.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ECED415 Integrating Curriculum and Instruction

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Designed to assist the students in synthesizing theory and content from a variety of pre-professional courses through actual teaching or pre primary and primary grade children. Students plan, teach, and analyze segments of instruction under the supervision of college instructors in area school classrooms.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ECED428 Student Teaching & Practicum Early Childhood 1

[Minimum Semester Hours: 7 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 7 sh]

Student teaching provides the capstone experience for pre-service teachers. Two student teaching experiences are provided at two levels (appropriate to certification and grade level ranges). Supervised practice in classrooms with certified teachers introduces the student to all aspects of the teaching day. University professors supervise the student teachers and conduct weekly practicum sessions.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ECED429 Student Teaching & Practicum Early Childhood 2

[Minimum Semester Hours: 7 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 7 sh]

Student teaching provides the capstone experience for pre-service teachers. Two student teaching experiences are provided at two levels (appropriate to certification and grade level ranges). Supervised practice in classrooms with certified teachers introduces the student to all aspects of the teaching day. University professors supervise the student teachers and conduct weekly practicum sessions.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ECED431 Science: Early Childhood Professional Semester

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Designed to examine the content and methods of science education for young children in caregiving, educational and academic settings as a part of the PreK-4/Early Childhood Education Professional Semester.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ECED432 Language Arts and Reading for Early Childhood

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3sh ]

Designed to examine the content and methods of language arts and reading for young children in an academic setting.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ECED433 Math Methods for Grades K-4
[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3sh ]
Examines the content and methods of math education for young children in primary settings.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ECED434 Guidance and Communication: Early Childhood Professional Semester
[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]
This component of the Early Childhood Education Professional Semester is designed to provide the historic origins of the Early Childhood Education guidance tradition, its foundation in a variety of theories of human development, learn applied guidance techniques and communication skills that promote successful learning experiences, and become familiar with observation and assessment tools that provide essential information for the effective guidance of young children.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite: None

ECED436 Social Studies for Early Childhood: Early Childhood Professional Semester

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Designed to examine the content and methods of social studies education for young children in pre-primary and primary level (K-4) settings. This course develops an understanding of the concepts and skills for effective instruction in all aspects of social studies for children through grade 4.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ECED493 Student Teaching & Practicum Early Childhood 1

[Minimum Semester Hours: 6 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 6 sh]

The capstone experience for pre-service teachers. Two student teaching experiences are provided at two levels (appropriate to certification areas and grade level ranges). Supervised practice in classrooms with certified teachers introduces the student to all aspects of the teaching day. University professors supervise the student teachers and conduct weekly practicum sessions. Association for Childhood Education International (ACEI).

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ECED494 Student Teaching & Practicum Early Childhood 2

[Minimum Semester Hours: 6 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 6 sh]

The capstone experience for pre-service teachers. Two student teaching experiences are provided at two levels (appropriate to certification areas and grade level ranges). Supervised practice in classrooms with certified teachers introduces the student to all aspects of the teaching day. University professors supervise the student teachers and conduct weekly practicum sessions. Association for Childhood Education International (ACEI).

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ECED605 Diversity in Development from Infancy through 4th Grade

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Designed to provide graduate students with the opportunity to explore diversity factors in depth and examine and analyze the implications for teaching and learning.  This is an advanced course and it is assumed that students already have solid knowledge of development of children from birth through 4th grade.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ECED610 Childhood Play: Theory and Practice

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Designed to provide graduate students with an in depth look at play theories and the importance of play in child development and learning.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ECED615 Family, Community and Educational Collaboration

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3sh ]

Designed to provide graduate students with a review of frameworks for viewing educational collaboration from a family and community perspective. These two factors are explored in depth to examine and analyze their implications for teaching and learning.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ECED620 Assessment, Evaluation, and Observation
[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3sh ]
Designed to provide graduate students with an in depth look at various methods of assessment and evaluation, theories of measurement, and the role of assessment as an essential part of the instructional process.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ECED625 Leadership in Early Childhood Education
[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]
Provide graduate students with opportunities to identify and examine critical leadership issues in early childhood education programs for children from birth to age 5. This course prepares educators for leadership roles working with staff and families in early childhood education settings.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite: None

ECON101 Principles of Economics

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

An introduction to economic theory in terms of the American economic system including economic growth, national income and its distribution, markets and prices, economic instability, the public sector of the economy, and the relationship with the world economy.

Prerequisite:  MATH100

Corequisite:   None

ECON301 Economics of the Environment

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Application of economic analysis to problems of the environment, such as air, water, and land pollution; natural resource depletion; and preservation of species and natural areas. Specific aspects will include externalities, measurement of costs and benefits, alternative abatement strategies, allocation of property rights, and theories of renewable and nonrenewable resources. Past and present U.S. and international environmental policies will be critiqued, and new directions explored.

Prerequisite: ( ECON101 )

Corequisite:   None

ECON305 History of Economic Thought

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

A survey of the development of economic thought from ancient to modern including preclassical, classical and neoclassical schools.

Prerequisite: ( ECON101 )

Corequisite:   None

ECON310 Intermediate Macroeconomics

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Intermediate study of economic aggregates with analysis of determinants of national income, production, and employment, as well as the theories of inflation and economic growth. Examines monetary, fiscal and income policies for achieving economic stability. Measurement of economic aggregates also considered.

Prerequisite: ( ECON101 )

Corequisite:   None

ECON315 Intermediate Microeconomics

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Intermediate study of microeconomic theory designed to provide an understanding of the economic environment within which business operates and the interaction between business and the economy at large. Emphasis on economic behavior of individuals and firms, and the consequences of this behavior. Application of economic theory to significant problems.

Prerequisite: ( ECON101 )

Corequisite:   None

ECON320 American Public Finance

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3sh ]

An application of economic principles to the problems of government spending, taxation, and public debt management. Growth and nature of governmental expenditures; local, state, and federal revenue systems; nature and economic effects of various types of taxes; the federal budget as an instrument of national economic policy; public debts and financial administration.

Prerequisite: ( ECON101 )

Corequisite:   None

ECON328 Social Science Seminar
[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3sh ]
A thematic or topical approach, with emphasis on historical/political/economic analysis. Treatment of historical, contemporary and/or comparative topics (for example, the historical roots and contemporary practice of terrorism and its political and economic impact; the impact of imperialism --political, economic, and historical-- in different global areas; the frontier experience of Russian Siberia and the American West) within a framework provided by the instructor.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ECON330 Economic Development
[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]
Intermediate utilization of the tools of economic analysis for examining the models of economic growth and development. Theories applied to underdeveloped regions of the earth. Interdisciplinary nature includes study of political, sociological, historical, and technological factors in growth and development.

Prerequisite: ( ECON101 )

Corequisite: None

ECON335 Regional & Urban Economics

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Sub-national area economic performance processes and issues. Analysis of economic activity in a spatial setting. The economics of location decisions and patterns, land use, urban structure, and regional development; inter-regional interaction and problems of locational change and adjustment; regional economic objectives, public and private policies; basic techniques of regional analysis.

Prerequisite: ( ECON101 )

Corequisite:   None

ECON340 Money & Banking

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Examination of the role of money and credit in the U.S. economy. Overview of financial instruments, markets, and intermediaries along with the evolution and regulation of the financial system. Attention is given to bank lending and the money supply process as controlled by the Federal Reserve System. Formulation of monetary policy is studied as are alternative monetary theories and international aspects of banking and finance.

Prerequisite: ( ECON101 )

Corequisite:   None

ECON350 Comparative Economic Systems

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Comparison of how different economic systems allocates scarce resources. The structure and operation of the market economy and the socialist centrally administered economy. Emphasis on comparison of capitalist systems of the world and of economic systems in transition from being centrally planned to market directed; the collapse of communism.

Prerequisite: ( ECON101 )

Corequisite:   None

ECON355 International Trade & Finance

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

The economic effects of trade among nations. Topics include but are not limited to trade theory determination of exchange rates, international monetary problems, trade barriers, international economic agencies and agreements, trade policies of developing nations, and the international economic policies of the United States.

Prerequisite: ( ECON101 )

Corequisite:   None

ECON360 Current Economic Problems

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Application of the analytical tools of economics to a variety of contemporary policy issues. Costs and benefits of social regulation are assessed in connection with such problems as inflation, poverty and income distribution, environmental pollution, economic growth and technological change, and provision of education and medical care.

Prerequisite: ( ECON101 )

Corequisite:   None

ECON410 Econometrics

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3sh ]

An introduction to empirical research in economics and the economic techniques used in forecasting.

Prerequisite: ( ECON101 AND ECON310 AND ECON315 AND MATH107 )

Corequisite:   None

ECON415 Mathematical Economics
[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3sh ]
An exposition of the mathematical structure of economic theories.

Prerequisite: ( ECON101 AND ECON310 AND ECON315 AND MATH141 )

Corequisite:   None

ECON628 Social Science Seminar
[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]
A thematic or topical approach, with emphasis on historical/political/economic analysis. Treatment of historical, contemporary and/or comparative topics (for example, the historical roots and contemporary practice of terrorism and its political and economic impact; the impact of imperialism --political, economic, and historical-- in different global areas; the frontier experience of Russian Siberia and the American West) within a framework provided by the instructor.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite: None

EDIT605 Copyright and Management of Digital Assets

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Introduces students to copyright laws, the Teach Act, Fair Use, and management of digital assets. Conflicts posed by restraining the use of copyright materials in creative efforts and teaching will be discussed, and students will review case studies concerning the violation of copyright. Students will analyze the use of digital works in an organization and propose policies, protocols, and procedures for digital rights management.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDIT610 Management of Instructional Technologies

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Introduces students to management skills required to create a stable, full-featured technology assisted teaching and learning environment. Students will design a needs assessment, research the products that support the functionality required, compare products functionality and usability, set-up and deliver a working prototype, create a workflow for system users, design an evaluation system that assesses students and faculty satisfaction, and determine the cost effectiveness of the product in relation to improved learning outcomes.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDIT615 Grant Acquisition, Management, and Reporting

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Introduces students to grant writing policies, procedures, compliance, data collection, and records management. Students will design a needs assessment, research the organizations and foundations that support similar projects, review the procedures for application, write a proposal, create a timeline, establish milestones, build a budget, and utilize an electronic reporting system for grant application and management.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDLD600 Intro to Educational Leadership

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

An introduction to the Educational Leadership program. This course has a four-fold purpose: 1) to introduce students to the program and all applicable program standards; 2) to establish the requirements and initial structuring of a professional portfolio; 3) to introduce students to basic issues of educational leadership; and 4) to introduce students to the role of a school Principal.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDLD602 School Law

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Focuses primarily on court cases and ethical issues related to the following topics: instruction programs, freedom of expression, search and seizure, student discipline, discrimination, privacy, and teacher dismissal.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDLD605 Curriculum and Program Evaluation

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3sh ]

A required course in the Educational Leadership program and/or elective in the Alternative Education program. The course provides a history of evaluation, identifies the varied purposes of evaluation, and reviews various models of curriculum and program evaluation.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDLD607 Professional Development in Schools
[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3sh ]
Reviews the latest research available to educators about implementing professional development programs. Candidates will become familiar with how to design professional development programs with the goal of increasing student achievement. University partnerships, professional development schools, data-driven programming and standards are included as units of study in the course.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDLD612 Instructional Strategies
[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]
Provides principals with a practical and theoretical overview of effective instructional strategies and used in today's classrooms. The course will highlight scaffolding instruction, differentiated instruction, inclusive practices, varied learning styles and multiple intelligences, standards-based instruction, Blooms' Taxonomy of cognitive development and writing across the curriculum.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite: None

EDLD615 Supervision: Child Development Issues

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Provides a review of the major developmental considerations between conception and late adolescence. The focus includes the educational implications of developmental milestones, problems in development, and the role of educational leaders in supervision of teachers, counselors and others working with students. Considerable attention is given to the issue of students with disabilities in inclusive settings.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDLD620 Leadership and Supervision

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Exploration of the role of the school principal and supervision responsibilities. Among the functions and leadership roles explored are the following: reformer and change agent; planner; budget admnistrator; liaison between community, school board, teachers, and government; supervisor; student and teacher advocate, and; instructional leader.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDLD625 Special Education Leadership and Administration

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Focuses on developing the knowledge, competencies and practices for leadership of special education. A required core course in the Educational Leadership program. Evidence-based instructional practices in inclusive settings, legal issues, overrepresentation of minorities in special education and presention and early intervention practices are major topic areas.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDLD630 Leadership Skills for Curriculum Development

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Explores the role of curriculum leadership through the study and application of varied skills in curriculum development and implementation, curriculum considerations for special populations, evaluation and analysis of the impact of curriculum upon student achievement, and the relationship between evaluation and both student and teacher performance. Students develop competencies for working in a Standards Aligned System (SAS).

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDLD650 Supervision: Curriculum Issues in a Standards Aligned System

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Examines the principles underlying the development and supervision of a K-12 school curriculum. Emphasis will be placed on curriculum supervision and methods of determining curriculum priorities, objectives, scope and sequence, and organizational patterns designed to enhance student learning and increase performance. Theory and practice of Standards Aligned System (SAS) and Response to Instruction and Intervention (RtII) are examined. This course requires 60 hours of field experience.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDLD680 Supervision: Leadership and Administration

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3sh ]

A combination of classroom and field experiences to develop skills, knowledge, and dispositions related to leadership and administration outlined in the Pennsylvania Department of Education's Framework and Guidelines for Principal Preparation Programs. Students will develop knowledge, skills and dispositions related to strategic planning processes, budgeting, policy development, student discipline, and other areas of leadership and administration.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDLD685 Supervision Leadership and Administration Issues - Advanced Field Experience
[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3sh ]
Allows students to apply skills, knowledge, and dispositions to areas that enhance the performance of an administrator. The course will highlight staff development, data collection, analysis and evaluation, program development, parent involvement, curriculum development, and accountability. Students will complete a variety of considerable in-school/district experiences over the 15 week period; not less than 120 hours.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDLD692 Reflective Practice and the Design of Action Research
[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]
Designed to promote thoughtful consideration and application of educational leadership theory and research to the analysis of one or more issues that impact student learning in the administrators daily decision-making process.

Prerequisite: ( EDLD600 )

Corequisite: None

EDLD694 Supervised Advanced Field Experiences

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

A full time (15 weeks) field experience under the supervision of a school administrator. The purpose of this field experience is for the leadership candidate to demonstrate mastery of Pennsylvania's Framework for Principal Preparation Program Guidelines and Educational Leadership Constituents Council (ELCC) standards. The Field Experience is the culminating course in the student's academic program of study. The student completes supervised work experiences in the field of school administration and leadership.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDTF203 Introduction to Technology for Teaching

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Prepares students for life-long learning and service as a teacher. Emphasis is on developing skills in the following: personal and professional use of new and emerging technologies, productions of digital materials, implementing and managing technology in instructional environments, and recognizing the role of technology in student learning and success. Participants will explore the process of designing learning opportunities using technology as a tool to enhance learning, improve motivation and engagement, and improve communication.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDTF205 Instructional Media for Secondary Education 1

[Minimum Semester Hours: 1 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 1 sh]

An introduction to the planning and utilizing resources for instructional development and delivery. This hands-on course emphasizes the operation and utilization of computers and related technologies aimed at meeting the International Society for Technology in Education (ISTE) standards focusing on secondary level pre-service teacher education. Students develop basic teaching/learning skills through exploring classroom applications of recent technological innovations including the internet and digital imagery. Restricted to Block 1 secondary teacher majors.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDTF300 Educational Technology for Specialized Disciplines

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

A professional level course that will provide students with necessary skills to effectively use technology tools available in today's society. Significant emphasis will be on recent developments of desktop and social media software including the impact of technologies, and how the appropriate use of technologies can help solve professional, social, and personal problems. Using these technologies, the student will creae an electronic showcase to exhibit his/her skills and knowledge to prospective employers.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:  None

EDTF301 Educational Technology for Secondary Education

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

A professional level course addressing two important needs of educators: 1) a foundational understanding of educational technology; and 2) the underlying principles of teaching and learning, of the paradigm shift, and of using technology to facilitate learning. Emphasis focuses on developing skills in the following areas: personal and professional use of technologies, production of digital materials, implementing and managing technology in instructional environments, and recognizing the role of technology in student learning and success.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDTF302 School Law and Ethics

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3sh ]

An examination of the laws and policies that have shaped public education within the judicial system. Emphasis will be placed on ethics for teacher-educators. Both teacher and student rights and responsibilities will be explored. Special Education Law will be the focus when investigating programs, services, accountability, and assessment.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDTF310 Instructional Media for Secondary Education II
[Minimum Semester Hours: 1 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 1sh ]
A pre-professional level course addressing the use of technology to facilitate learning. Emphasis focuses on developing skills in the teaching/learning process through the use of instructional design, production of digital materials, managing technology in instructional environments, and recognizing the role of technology in student learning. Course is restricted to Block 2 secondary teacher education majors.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDTF405 Teaching with Technology
[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]
Addresses effective classroom applications of technology tools available for use in 21st century classrooms. It is designed to provide students in this course with experiences that will allow them to select, arrange, and use a variety of resources in a systematic approach to instruction. They will examine the integration of various hardware and software tools to support and enhance learning through field experiences, project-based learning, web-based resources, case studies, in-class demonstrations, and discussions.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite: None

EDTF602 Global Perspectives in Education

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

An examination of education in light of the global village concept. Focus is on psychosociological, economic, political, historical, and environmental forces that both shape and are shaped by education. Graduates will elevate their critical awareness of the education institution by examining similarities and differences among selected issues in nation states; formulate possible solutions to shared problems; and hone their decision-making skills.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDTL600 Introduction: Inquiry and Educational Change

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Introduces the Master of Education in Teaching and Learning and Alternative Education. In this course graduate students will be introduced to the program expectations, tools and objectives including the technologies utilized for program delivery and electronic portfolio development, online learning strategies, the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards, the National Educational Technology Standards for Teachers, and educational research.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDTL601 Teaching and Learning in an Information Age

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Provides graduate students with an understanding of the teaching/learning process in relation to the emergence of the "information age."   Students will consider paradigm shifts in the roles of teacher, learner and technology. Students will compare and contrast the effectiveness of various technology types and how they impact the teaching/learning process. Students will develop technology enhanced learning experiences while developing technology skills reflective of the best practices and applications.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDTL602 Advanced Instructional Design and Development

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

The purpose of this course is to provide graduate students understanding and experience with various models of instructional design and development. Students will identify topics, analyze learners, generate objectives and assessments as well as develop content outlines and learning activities. Learners will develop a personal instructional design model reflecting their educational philosophy and approach.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDTL603 Educational Assessment Strategies

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

This course will investigate the practical and theoretical issues involved in evaluating student performance, teacher performance and educational programs. The students enrolled in this course will examine a variety of assessment instruments and strategies and discuss the role (s) each has in the evaluation process. The course will enable students to plan, execute and interpret educational assessments.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDTL604 Designing Assessments Using Performance Standards

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3sh ]

The purpose of this course is to provide graduate students an understanding of and practice with the design and analysis of assessments and rubrics that can be employed in a standards-based classroom. Readings and activities are grounded in educational research and illustrated with meaningful classroom practices of teaching and learning in a standards-based environment.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDTL605 Critical Issues in Education
[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3sh ]
This course serves to examine timely problems, trends and issues related to education from a multi-disciplinary perspective. The focus is on contemporary influences of change in education at various points across the delivery process. These include issues that come from federal or state decisions in policy and law which impact educational practice, those that are generated by the changing professional knowledge base regarding curriculum and methodology that define best practice, and those that occur at the initial point of education to learners as a function of district policy and teacher practice.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDTL606 Analysis of Teaching
[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]
Utilizing the five core propositions of the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards and the associated discipline/grade level standards as a framework, graduate students explore, design, implement and document strategies to analyze the effectiveness of their teaching and professional development.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite: None

EDTL607 Projects, Readings and Case Studies in Education

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

A course in the M.Ed. program that allows the student to choose a subject of interest in education and pursue a focused and self-directed review of the literature or creation of a project or case study.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDTL608 Education Reform

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

An in-depth look at efforts to reform the education system in the United States. The course includes a historical overview of American education during the past 100 years; an analysis of reform efforts; contributions by various cultures, inside and outside of the United States to reform efforts; an overview of the process of reform; and, an exploration of current reform initiatives.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDTL609 Classroom Management and Control

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Designed to promote student mastery of theory and practice related to classroom management.   Students develop a repertoire of strategies to use for preventing and managing classroom discipline with all types of students and situations.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDTL610 Fundamentals of Educational Leadership

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Fundamentals of Educational Leadership is designed for teachers (or others) who are interested in developing their knowledge and skills in the area of leadership studies. Topics covered include contemporary leadership theory, gender and ethnic issues in leadership, assessment of personal leadership socio-emotional (SEQ) skill profiles, informal and formal school leadership, assessment of leadership cultures in schools, classroom leadership, teaching leadership skills to students, project and team leadership, transformational and change leadership, exemplary school leadership and the development of a personal leadership portfolio.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDTL611 Character Education: Developing Students to Become Productive Citizens

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Focuses on the need for developing students’ ability to make good decisions based on reasoned principles and an approach to incorporate this skill as a part of the regular curriculum. Graduate students enrolled in this course will trace the history of moral education and evaluate various approaches to improve the moral behavior of grade school learners. In addition, the graduate students will choose one area of the curriculum and devise a long-range plan that will enhance the character development of their student learners.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDTL612 Number and Number Systems and Pedagogy

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3sh ]

Utilizes the five core propositions of the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards and the associated discipline/grade level standards as a framework. Graduate students will utilize best practice in mathematical pedagogy and collaborate with other teachers to plan, teach and revise lesson plans in a format that follows Lesson Study research.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDTL615 Alternative Education: An Introduction to Theory and Practice
[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3sh ]
This course is designed to be an introduction to theories and practices in Alternative Education. An array of topics is explored to bring research, theories and practices together in a meaningful format. The inquiry nature of this course will serve as a building block for issues in other courses and the capstone research project. Emphasis is placed upon the practical application of theories in the classroom, best practices and characteristics of effective programs.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDTL617 Grant Writing
[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]
Focuses on the process of writing grants in human services and education. Students will explore and analyze the various components of a grant, the process of developing and writing proposals, research techniques that produce results, the budgeting process, and how to develop a unified proposal. Students will write a grant proposal as a final product for the course.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite: None

EDTL618 Understanding the Role of Cognition and Social Skills in the Classroom

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

This course is designed to promote student mastery of theory and practice related to cognitive and social skills training. Specifically, students will explore brain-based learning, cognitive skills research, social skills research, and the practical uses of these concepts with students in the classroom.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDTL620 Introduction to Deliberative Public Learning

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

This course introduces students to the theory and practice of deliberative citizen discourse in a democracy. The course links study of theory with participation in actual public forums. Principles of deliberative discourse are studied in relation to theories of democracy and then applied in public forums. Research on public learning and classroom learning are examined, especially in relation to standards-based outcomes assessment. Students will become effective moderators in public deliberative forums and interpreters of results. This course also prepares students for more advanced study of civic engagement and public scholarship and its application in the middle and secondary school settings.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDTL625 Investigating Curriculum Issues in Education

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Students may select one issue from the following: curriculum mapping, designing assessment using performance standards, differentiated instruction, brain-based learning. In the alternative, they may propose another issue for instructor approval. Through investigation, analysis, and discussion, students investigate and formulate criteria necessary for the implementation of best practices within the classroom.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:  None

EDTL627 Learning Theory and Practice

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

In this course, graduate students will study classical and contemporary theories of learning, their contrasts and connections, and their impact on teaching and curriculum design. These studies, along with the completion of applied projects, will provide a basis for students to enrich their own instructional practice.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDTL632 Supervision of Student Teachers

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Theories and strategies of supervision for cooperating teachers at all levels in the direction of student teaching experiences. Includes the study of delivery systems in the school and classroom which relate to the teacher-student relationship for improving learning capacity, such as planning with specific objectives, skillfully conducted conferences, assessment techniques for analyzing teaching, resolution of teaching and learning problems, understanding role relationships, and exploration of value systems.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDTL634 Research Methods in Education

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3sh ]

An exploration of modern research methodology and theory through readings, lecture, discussions, and exercises. Students will develop skills in the scientific collection and evaluation of data, which will be applied towards solving and evaluating educational and other problems. The focus is on making students more effective consumers of research obtained from both professional journals and the popular media as well as the application of research methodology in a classroom setting.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDTL641 School Law
[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3sh ]
This course will emphasize the legal position of the teacher in Pennsylvania and the United States with regard to the organization and administration of school districts, teacher certification, teacher liability, and other legal principles affecting the teacher, principal, pupil, and school district. Opportunity will be provided to use legal source materials and libraries. Significant court cases will be studied and discussed.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDTL645 Topics in Teaching and Learning
[Minimum Semester Hours: 1 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]
An intensive approach to applied teaching and learning practices designed to explore specialized knowledge and skill pertinent to the field of education. Topics may include, among others, teaching and learning, reflective practices, analysis of teaching, designing assessments, instructional design and development, educational change, and professional teaching standards. Emphasis is placed on written work and discussion.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite: None

EDTL650 Comparative and International Education

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

This course will examine the dynamics of education in light of the global village concept. Focus will be on the social, economic, political, cultural, and environmental forces that shape or that can be shaped by education. Similarities and differences among selected educational systems will be explored. Research will be extracted from diverse data bases. Current technology will be utilized to connect graduate students with educators outside of the United States to discuss issues, trends, similarities, and differences; to formulate solutions to shared problems; and to foster positive changes.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDTL680 Internship 1

[Minimum Semester Hours: 6 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 6 sh]

Provides the first part of a two-tiered internship sequence for actively employed emergency certified teachers. This course provides a specific population of graduate students with opportunities to develop and enhance critical and reflective practices positively impacting student learning. (

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDTL681 Internship 2

[Minimum Semester Hours: 6 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 6 sh]

The second and culminating teaching internship experience for actively employed emergency certified teachers, Internship 2 extends and scaffolds upon the objectives, activities, and experiences of Internship 1. Students have the opportunity to refine instructional strategies and the principles of critical and reflective practice explored during the actual internship experience. This course provides a specific population of graduate students with further opportunities to develop and enhance critical and reflective practices related to positively impacting student learning. (

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDTL685 Performance Based Assessment

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

In this course students will explore various means of performance-based assessment such as portfolio development, observation and other performance-based evaluation techniques. The effective use of technology will be included. Students will develop rubrics and practice skills in scoring them.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDTL690 Current Philosophies of Education

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

A study of the philosophies of education that have had an impact on education today. The works of educational philosophies and critiques of their positions will be read and discussed. The implications for today’s educational experiences will be discussed.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDTL692 Reflective Practice and Action Research 1

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3sh ]

The first of two courses designed to promote thoughtful consideration and application of educational theory and research to the analysis of student learning in the teacher's daily decision-making process.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDTL694 Reflective Practice and Action Research 2
[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3sh ]
The second of two courses designed to promote thoughtful consideration and application of educational theory and research to the analysis of student learning in the teacher's daily decision-making process.

Prerequisite: ( EDTL692 ) OR ( ALTE692 )

Corequisite:   None

EDTL695 Advanced Field Experience
[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]
The culminating course in the M.Ed. graduate program that allows the graduate student to apply knowledge and demonstrate skills gained in their professions. This course is restricted to graduate students and is a core requirement in the M.Ed. Teaching and Learning and Alternative Education programs.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite: None

EDUC105 Introduction to Elem Education

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Provides students with a basic understanding of the field of elementary education through experiences in elementary schools for a minimum of 25 hours. The philosophical model of education at Lock Haven University will be examined in depth. Students will examine the role of the classroom teacher in society and their own willingness to take on that role. In addition students will be introduced to e-mail, the internet and electronic library research. Students will be expected to do extensive writing and speaking in the course.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDUC119 First Year Seminar for Education Students

[Minimum Semester Hours: 1 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 1 sh]

Designed to embed education program requirements into a required course and to support student achievement of Education program requirements. Must be taken by all Elementary Education majors.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDUC202 Children's Literature

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Introduces the student to major literary genre, bibliographical tools, story-telling techniques, censorship, and early field experiences.

Prerequisite: ( HONR111 ) OR ( ENGL100 )

Corequisite:   None

EDUC204 The Elementary School

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Examines the elementary school in its traditional form, as it is changing today and in light of changes expected in the future. Emphasis is placed on factors responsible for the changes taking place--school organization and administration, scientific advances in our knowledge of learning and behavior, evolving roles of teachers, emerging technologies and patterns of instruction, and recent developments in American society. Includes in-school experiences directly related to the course. Required of all Elementary Education majors; taken during the first four semesters of the program.

Prerequisite: ( EDUC105 )

Corequisite:   None

EDUC212 Classroom Management in the Middle and Secondary School Setting

[Minimum Semester Hours: 2 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 2 sh]

Examines behaviors that characterize this age group and helps teachers understand why adolescents behave as they do. Included are a variety of teaching methods and activities to stimulate and reinforce desirable behavior, effectively respond to undesirable behavior, and extinguish inappropriate behavior.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDUC220 Sophomore Seminar for Elementary Education Majors

[Minimum Semester Hours: 1 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 1sh ]

Designed to embed education program requirements for the Developing Portfolio into a required course and to support student achievement of the Education program requirements.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDUC300 Foundations of American Education
[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3sh ]
Students will critically examine the history, philosophy, ethics, and theory of education. They will analyze past and current practices as well as their effect on curriculum and teaching methods. Teacher candidates will be expected to continually develop their understanding of multiculturalism and their skills in lesson planning, writing, and communication. They will refine their ability to evaluate the use of technology and WEB-based information.

Prerequisite: EDUC105 AND EDUC204 AND PSYC102

Corequisite:   None

EDUC330 Classroom Management in the Elementary and Middle School Setting
[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]
Offers a holistic view beginning with a variety of methods and activities for helping teachers build positive learning environments (a community of learners), improve relations in the classroom (a broader community), and cope with challenging behaviors and special abilities. The teacher is viewed as a model and facilitator, a supervisor of instruction which is called to fashion environments that invite exploration, inquiry, and positive self-concepts by drawing from research in psychology and sociology.

Prerequisite: EDUC204

Corequisite: None

EDUC335 Assessment and Differentiation in the Elementary Classroom

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

An investigation into the design and evaluation of assessments for student performance in the elementary classroom.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDUC340 Classroom Management

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Classroom teachers are struggling to cope with an increasing number of student behavioral problems. This course will present strategies designed to stop discipline problems before they start. Building a positive learning environment, techniques for improving teacher-pupil relationships, and coping with disruptive behaviors will be studied. Based on sound, carefully researched theory, the course will offer a variety of methods and activities designed to help teachers implement management strategies.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDUC352 Computer Applications in the Classroom

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Develops background and skills for using computers in educational settings. Participants learn to use the computer to assist in the achievement of educational goals and to evaluate and author educational computer programs. Participants experience the computer as a tutor, a tool, and a tutee. Standards for excellence in courseware are studied. Participants use BASIC, Logo, and authoring languages.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDUC444 Summer Urban Seminar

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Provides an extended first-hand encounter with urban culture. It is intended to expand the opportunities of undergraduate teacher education students to work with diverse students in urban settings. The seminar includes a mix of carefully planned school, community, and cultural experiences. One of its unique features is an intensive community service project in which all students will participate during the weekend they are in Philadelphia. Open to all education majors who have complete 48 sh of work. Open to other majors as space permits. Offered very early Summer.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDUC472 Literacy and Language Arts: Elementary Professional Semester

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Taken only as a part of the Elementary Professional Semester. Designed to place emphasis on mastering methods, strategies and techniques and on using materials appropriately for a balanced literacy program. The course focuses on instruction and evaluation of writing, reading, speaking, and listening abilities plus the integration of these developing abilities across curriculums, standards and instructional designs. Current literacy policies, research based practices, and educational curriculums are stressed. This course is open to students who meet requirements for enrollment in the Elementary Professional Semester.

Prerequisite: READ300

Corequisite:   None

EDUC473 Social Studies Methods: Elementary Professional Semester

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3sh ]

Taken only as part of the Elementary Professional Semester. Development of concepts and skills for effective instruction in all aspects of the Social Studies. Interdisciplinary unit studies are stressed. Students prepare lesson and unit plans, work in teams, present demonstration lessons to peers and evaluate instructional materials. Students learn how to access reference literature and teaching materials, locate experts and other resource personnel for classroom activities as well as for activities outside of the classroom.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDUC474 Science Methods: Elementary Professional Semester
[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3sh ]
Students practice techniques for teaching science to elementary children. The use of discovery learning is stressed. Sciecne is treated more as a process than as a body of knowledge. Commercially produced science programs are reviewed; students create hands-on files, review and react in writing to science readings, create a science project and present it to children, and students prepare lessons to present ot peers and children from the local schools. The use of manipulatives is required. Students study for, prepare and teach a coordinated set of activities in environmental studies including field trips to the University's conference center or other outdoor facilities.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDUC475 Teaching of Mathematics in the Elementary School: Elementary Professional Semester
[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]
Students learn techniques for teaching mathematics to elementary students according to the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) Process Standards and the PA State Math Standards. Emphasis is given to appropriate progression from the concrete to the abstract in all learning. Use of manipulatives is required. The use of strategies to make content accessible to ALL students is a priority. Much time is spent cultivating a positive attitude toward mathematics. Discovery learning, interdisciplinary study and the use of technology are woven into the course. Scheduled concurrently with subject matter methods and Clinical Field Experience.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite: None

EDUC476 Creating Classroom Environments: Elementary Professional Semester

[Minimum Semester Hours: 2 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 2 sh]

Provides specific information and strategies for organizing, planning and implementing instruction in a classroom and creating a positive, productive atmosphere for learning. Questioning, listening and management techniques are stressed. Methods for helping learners become self-disciplined are emphasized and techniques for dealing with unacceptable behavior are considered in depth. Since this course is usually taken concurrently with other courses in teaching methods and with a required field experience course, all topics are consciously integrated with those of the other courses. In addition to mastering the various techniques considered, students are expected to develop a philosophical basis for creating an ordered classroom.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDUC477 Clinical Field Experiences: Elementary Professional Semester

[Minimum Semester Hours: 2 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 2 sh]

This laboratory course assists the student in synthesizing theory and content from a variety of a pre-professional courses and requires students to put this theory and content into practice during actual teaching of elementary school children. Students plan, teach and analyze segments of instruction under the supervision of college instructors in area school classrooms.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDUC478 Intro Educational Computing: Elementary Professional Semester

[Minimum Semester Hours: 2 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 2 sh]

Provides basic skills in the uses of microcomputers in educational settings and background about computer technology. Courseware in various instructional subject areas is examined and evaluated. Several modes for Computer-Aided Learning are demonstrated and experienced. Students receive an introduction to computer terminology, system components, operation, general uses of computers and resulting implications for society.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDUC493 Student Teaching and Professional Practicum: Elementary 1

[Minimum Semester Hours: 6 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 6 sh]

The capstone experience for preservice teachers. Two student teaching experiences are provided at two levels (appropriate to certification areas and grade level ranges). Supervised practice in classrooms with certified teachers introduces the student to all aspects of the teaching day. University professors supervise the student teachers and conduct weekly practicum sessions.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

EDUC494 Student Teaching and Professional Practicum: Elementary 2

[Minimum Semester Hours: 6 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 6 sh]

The capstone experience for preservice teachers. Two student teaching experiences are provided at two levels (appropriate to certification areas and grade level ranges). Supervised practice in classrooms with certified teachers introduces the student to all aspects of the teaching day. University professors supervise the student teachers and conduct weekly practicum sessions.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ELML119 First Year Seminar for Elementary and Middle Level Education

[Minimum Semester Hours: 1 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 1sh ]

Designed to provide an overview of elementary and middle level education and to outline program requirements to support student achievement within the Elementary and Middle Level Education Program. The students will be required to observe/participate in the schools for 20 hours in addition to class hours.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ELML200 Language Arts Methods for Elementary and Middle Grades
[Minimum Semester Hours: 1 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 1sh ]
Designed to provide an introductory exploration of language arts methods in the middle level grades. The students will be required to observe/participate in the schools for 10 hours in addition to class hours.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ELML210 Learning Theory for Middle Level Learners
[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]
Designed to give the student a more in-depth understanding of the learning process for elementary and middle level learners. Essential components of the course focus on the learner, the teacher, the patterns of instruction, the curriculum, and the development of instructional materials. The students are required to participate in the schools 20 hours in addition to class hours.

Prerequisite: ( PSYC103 )

Corequisite: None

ELML250 Assessment and Differentiation in the 4-8 Classroom

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

An investigation into the design and evaluation of assessments for student performance in the elementary/middle level classroom. Differentiated instruction and assessment will be addressed for middle level learners including English Language Learners (ELL). Ten hours of observation will be used to view middle level adapted assessment practices include PA Alternate System of Assessement (PASA) administration in addition to class.

Prerequisite: ( ELML210 )

Corequisite:   None

ELML320 Science for the Elementary and Middle Level Learner

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

For preprofessional educators to synthesize all of the college level coursework to date into the proper framework for teaching science to students in grades four to eight. This course will deal with the physical science, life science, and earth and space science areas. Students will engage in personal scientific investigation.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ELML321 Language Arts for the Elementary and Middle Level Learner

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Focuses on content, methods, and demonstration of proficiency in the literacy areas of reading, written composition, oral communications, grammar, and spelling/vocabulary. Students are expected to develop materials and lesson plans that are appropriate to teach language arts in grades 4 through 8.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ELML322 Mathematics for the Elementary and Middle Level Learner

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Designed for all Elementary/Middle Level majors. It provides a brief history of math with cultural contributions. Problem solving and other research based approaches will be stressed. Attention will be given to how children learn mathematics, drawing on brain-based research. Emphasis on measurement, algebra and key features of Number Theory as they pertain to the 4-8 grade learner will be emphasized with specific attention to inter-curricular connections.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ELML323 Social Sciences for the Elementary and Middle Level Learner

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

An examination of the content of social studies curriculum for the upper elementary and middle level learner and how it is integrated into the overall curriculum. Students are expected to develop materials, create lesson plans, and integrate social studies into the middle school curriculum. A team approach with other teachers and clinical experience in the schools examining "best practice" will be employed.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ELML330 Language Acquisition Theory and Writing Instruction

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3sh ]

Designed to address the needs of pre-service teachers for literacy development through writing for students learning English, especially as a second language. Emphasis will be given to writing competencies, effective research based practices, theories of language acquisition, and challenges faced by English Language Learners. Students will participate 10 hours in the schools. This course is aligned with the Pennsylvania Department of Education requirements addressed in PA Chapter 49-2.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ELML335 Effective Instructional Literacy Strategies for Diverse Learners
[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3sh ]
Designed to prepare pre-service Elementary/Middle Level teachers to develop literacy and instruction for culturally diverse learners. Emphasis will be on literacy componenets, research-based practice, and challenges that culturally diverse learners face in learning how to read and write. This course is aligned with the PDE requirements addressed in PA Chapter 49-2 and meets Standards for the Association of Middle Level Education (AMLE). It will include 10 hours of field practice in the schools.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ELML400 Curriculum Development
[Minimum Semester Hours: 2 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 2 sh]
Designed to engage participants in the preparation of appropriate curriculum materials for elementary and middle level learners based on defined needs and assessment data. Ten hours of observation outside classsroom hours are used to identify elementary and middle level student characteristics that will be used to guide instruction.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite: None

ELML405 Interventions and Classroom Management Strategies Elementary and Middle Level Learners

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

A holistic view of methods and activities for helping teachers build positive learning environments, determine interventions to improve relations in the classroom, and cope with challenging behaviors and special abilities. Explores teacher as model, facilitator, and supervisor of instruction called to fashion environments that invite exploration, inquiry, and positive self-concepts. Ten hours of field practice is required in addition to class time.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ELML410 Science Methods I

[Minimum Semester Hours: 1 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 1 sh]

For preprofessional educators to practice the techniques of teaching science. The use of inquiry based learning is stressed. Science is treated more as a process than as a body of knowledge. Commercially produced science programs are reviewed. Sixteen participation hours are required in addition to class time.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ELML412 Science Methods II

[Minimum Semester Hours: 2 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 2 sh]

For preprofessional educators to practice the techniques of teaching science. The use of inquiry based learning is stressed. Science is treated more as a process than as a body of knowledge. Commercially produced science programs are reviewed. Students will prepare lessons to present to peers and children in the local schools. A demonstrated understanding of science manipulatives is required. Thirty-two participation hours are required in addition to class time.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ELML414 Science Methods III

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

For preprofessional educators to practice the techniques of teaching science, including a working understanding of the 5-E Model. The use of inquiry based learning is stressed. Science is treated more as a process than as a body of knowledge. Commercially produced science programs are reviewed. Students will prepare lessons to present to peers and children in the local schools. A demonstrated understanding of science manipulatives is required. Forty-eight participation hours are required in addition to class time.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ELML421 Language Arts Methods I

[Minimum Semester Hours: 1 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 1 sh]

Designed to provide an examination of the content and methods for a dual concentration in English, language arts, reading and mathematics or science (biology or geology) education for the elementary and middle level learner. This course includes 16 hours of field experience in addition to class time.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ELML422 Language Arts Methods II

[Minimum Semester Hours: 2 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 2sh ]

Designed to provide an in-depth examination of the content and methods for a singl concentration English, language arts, reading education for the elementary and middle level learner. This course includes 32 hours of field experience in addition to class time.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ELML431 Mathematics Methods I
[Minimum Semester Hours: 1 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 1sh ]
Designed to provide an examination of the mathematics content and methods that support a single or dual concentration (Option I or II) in social studies, science (biology or geology), or English, language arts, reading education for the elementary and middle level learner. This course includes 16 hours of field experience in addition to class time.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ELML432 Mathematics Methods II
[Minimum Semester Hours: 2 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 2 sh]
Designed to provide an in-depth examination of the content and methods for a dual concentration (Option II) in mathematics and science (biology or geology) or English, language arts, reading education for the elementary and middle level learner. This course includes 32 hours of field experience in addition to class time.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite: None

ELML433 Mathematics Methods III

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Designed to provide an in-depth examination of the content and methods for a single concentration (Option I) in mathematics education for the elementary and middle level learner. This course includes 48 hours of field experience in addition to class time.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ELML441 Social Studies Methods I

[Minimum Semester Hours: 1 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 1 sh]

Designed to provide an examination of the social studies content and methods that support a single or dual concentration in mathematics, science (biology or geology), or English, language arts, reading education for the elementary and middle level learner. This course includes 16 hours of field experience in addition to class time.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ELML442 Social Studies Methods II

[Minimum Semester Hours: 2 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 2 sh]

Designed to provide an in-depth examination of the content and methods for a dual concentration (Option II) in social studies and mathematics or science (biology or geology) education for the elementary and middle level learner. This course includes 32 hours of field experience in addition to class time.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ELML443 Social Studies Methods III

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Designed to provide an in-depth examination of the content and methods for a single concentration (Option I) in social studies education for the elementary and middle level learner. This course includes 48 hours of field experience in addition to class time.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ELML493 Student Teaching and Practicum: Elementary and Middle Level Learner 1

[Minimum Semester Hours: 6 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 6 sh]

The capstone experience for pre-service teachers. Two student teaching experiences are provided at two levels that are appropriate to certification areas and grade level ranges. Supervised practice in classrooms with certified teachers introduces the student to all aspects of the teaching day. University professors supervise the student teachers and conduct weekly practicum sessions. The program follows the guidelines of the Pennsylvania Department of Education (PDE) and the National Middle School Association (NMSA).

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ELML494 Student Teaching and Practicum: Elementary and Middle Level Learner 2

[Minimum Semester Hours: 6 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 6sh ]

The capstone experience for pre-service teachers. Two student teaching experiences are provided at two levels that are appropriate to certification areas and grade level ranges. Supervised practice in classrooms with certified teachers introduces the student to all aspects of the teaching day. University professors supervise the student teachers and conduct weekly practicum sessions. The program follows the guidelines of the Pennsylvania Department of Education (PDE) and the National Middle School Association (NMSA).

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ENGL090 College Writing Skills
[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3sh ]
Intensive practice in critical reading skills and forms of college writing. (This course will be required only for those students whose SAT Writing scores are below 400.) Course is not a remedial course; credits count toward graduation as elective credits.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ENGL100 Composition
[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]
Introduction to the basic principles of effective English written communication. Fulfills General Education Requirements.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite: None

ENGL110 Introduction to Literature

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

An introduction to fiction, poetry, and drama that seeks to develop the student's understanding of literature. Fulfills General Education Requirements.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ENGL119 First Year Seminar for English Major Students

[Minimum Semester Hours: 1 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 1 sh]

An introduction to the Lock Haven University Teacher Education Conceptual Framework and national standards for foreign language and English. The course guides students through the Stage I teacher education requirements and early field experience tasks, and addresses topics taught in generic freshman seminars.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ENGL205 Introduction to Literary Studies

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

An introduction to the methods and theories of literary analysis. The course covers how to write about literature, how to conduct literary research, the history of the book, and approaches to literary theory.

Prerequisite: ( ENGL100 ) OR ( HONR111 )

Corequisite:   None

ENGL206 Methods of Teaching English 1

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

The first course in a two-course English teaching and learning methods sequence, this class is an introduction to professional attitudes and discipline-specific pedagogical skills necessary to implement effective classroom instruction and educational technology. Emphasis is on theory, methods, materials, media, and strategies for teaching English Language Arts in the secondary setting and for Pennsylvania certification. The course includes field experiences and practice teaching.

Prerequisite: PSYC103

Corequisite:   None

ENGL220 World Literature

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

A survey of world literature.

Prerequisite: ( ENGL100 ) OR ( HONR111 )

Corequisite:   None

ENGL225 Core Texts in the Western Tradition

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3sh ]

An introduction to classical mythology and the Bible that prepares students to understand allusions to these works in modern literature.

Prerequisite: ( ENGL100 ) OR ( HONR111 )

Corequisite:   None

ENGL230 British Literature Before 1800
[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3sh ]
A comprehensive survey of British literature from the Anglo-Saxon beginnings to the end of the 18th century.

Prerequisite: ( ENGL100 ) OR ( HONR111 )

Corequisite:   None

ENGL231 British Literature After 1800
[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]
A comprehensive survey of 19th and 20th century British Literature.

Prerequisite: ( ENGL100 ) OR ( HONR111 )

Corequisite: None

ENGL235 Teaching Literature to Adolescents and Young Adults

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

A pre-professional study of young adult literature designed for teachers and others who use literature in teaching adolescents. In addition to a critical survey of material written for or suitable for young adults, consideration is given to techniques and strategies for using these materials in middle, junior, and senior high schools to develop adolescents' enjoyment of and engagement with reading and to promote reading maturity. Additional topics include current trends in the fields and specialized sources of information about young adults and their reading.

Prerequisite: ( ENGL100 ) OR ( HONR111 )

Corequisite:   None

ENGL237 Creative Nonfiction Workshop

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

A workshop that teaches how to use the techniques of fiction writing in the writing of nonfiction.

Prerequisite: ( ENGL100 AND ENGL110 ) OR ( ENGL100 AND ENGL220 ) OR ( HONR111 AND HONR112 )

Corequisite:   None

ENGL240 American Literature Before the Civil War

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

A study of selected American authors from 1600 to the Civil War, with some emphasis upon the development of major literary trends. More emphasis upon selections than upon historical and biographical information.

Prerequisite: ( ENGL100 ) OR ( HONR111 )

Corequisite:   None

ENGL242 American Literature After the Civil War

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

A study of selected American authors from the Civil War to the present, with some emphasis upon the development of major literary trends. More emphasis upon selections than upon historical and biographical information.

Prerequisite: ( ENGL100 ) OR ( HONR111 )

Corequisite:   None

ENGL264 Fiction Workshop

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Teaches the writing of short fiction through a balance of lectures, readings, writing exercises and the traditional workshop.

Prerequisite: ( ENGL100 AND ENGL110 ) OR ( ENGL100 AND ENGL220 ) OR ( HONR111 AND HONR112 )

Corequisite:   None

ENGL266 Drama Workshop: Playwriting 1

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3sh ]

A workshop in the writing of plays.

Prerequisite: ( ENGL100 ) OR ( HONR111 ) OR ( ENGL110 ) OR ( ENGL220 ) OR ( HONR112 )

Corequisite:   None

ENGL268 Poetry Workshop
[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3sh ]
A workshop in the writing of poetry in which students study and discuss published poems and apply similar literary techniques to their own work, and participate in workshop discussions, pursue independent writing projects, and evaluate and discuss the work of fellow students, and meet with the instructor for individual consultation.

Prerequisite: ( ENGL100 AND ENGL110 ) OR ( ENGL100 AND ENGL220 ) OR ( HONR111 AND HONR112

Corequisite:   None

ENGL280 Intro Study of Language
[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]
Surveys historical and comparative linguistics, psycholinguistics, etymology, phonology, morphology, syntax and semantics. Special attention is paid to the history of the English language, usage, literacy, and nonstandard varieties of English.

Prerequisite: ( ENGL100 ) OR ( HONR111 )

Corequisite: None

ENGL312 Secondary Education 2: English

[Minimum Semester Hours: 4 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 4 sh]

The second in a sequence of early field experiences designed to provide student an opportunity to observe and participate in several diverse school settings. Extends and applies the theoretical base presented in Methods 1, as students develop and refine the professional attitudes and discipline-specific pedagogical skills necessary to implement effective literacy instruction.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ENGL315 Composition Usage & Editing Tech

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Techniques for evaluating and editing expository and argumentative prose.

Prerequisite: ( ENGL100 ) OR ( HONR111 )

Corequisite:   None

ENGL328 Humanities Seminar

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

A thematic or topical approach to literature, with emphasis on close textual analysis and an exploration of the relationship between literature and the historical or social contexts. Texts might be drawn from American, British, or world literature, and could include poetry, prose, drama, or nonfiction. Topics might include, among others: images of women, representations of the American West, medical themes in literature, novels about war, domestic fiction, or literary realism.

Prerequisite: ( ENGL100 ) OR ( HONR111 )

Corequisite:   None

ENGL336 Shakespeare

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Survey of William Shakespeare's major works, including comedies, tragedies, histories, and sonnets.

Prerequisite: ( ENGL100 AND ENGL110 ) OR ( ENGL220 ) OR ( HONR112 )

Corequisite:   None

ENGL345 Business Writing

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

A study and application of current theories and practices of effective professional communication, focusing on using common business formats to write for specific audiences in a variety of contexts.

Prerequisite: ( ENGL100 ) OR ( HONR111 )

Corequisite:   None

ENGL357 Advanced Composition, Rhetoric and Writing

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3sh ]

Study of the history of ideas about rhetoric and the effective use of language and images. The course focuses on practical applications for composing, critiquing, and teaching written, visual, and oral texts.

Prerequisite: ( ENGL100 ) OR ( HONR111 )

Corequisite:   None

ENGL360 Technical Writing
[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3sh ]
Practical experience in communicating scientific and technical material to a variety of audiences through clear, concise, and accurate writing..

Prerequisite: ( ENGL100 ) OR ( HONR111 )

Corequisite:   None

ENGL400 Advanced Topics in British Literature
[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]
Intensive study of a theme, genre, issue, or period in British literature.

Prerequisite: ( ENGL100 ) OR ( HONR111 )

Corequisite: None

ENGL402 Advanced Topics in American Literature

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Intensive study of a theme, genre, issue, or period in American literature.

Prerequisite: ( ENGL100 ) OR ( HONR111 )

Corequisite:   None

ENGL404 Advanced Topics in World Literature

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Intensive study of a theme, genre, issue, or period in world literature.

Prerequisite: ( ENGL100 ) OR ( HONR111 )

Corequisite:   None

ENGL405 Grammars of English

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

An analysis of English grammar from the perspectives of traditional grammar and transformational generative grammar. Primary attention will be given to understanding English morphology and syntax, grammar concepts, and evidence and arguments for correctness in usage.

Prerequisite: ( ENGL100 ) OR ( HONR111 )

Corequisite:   None

ENGL408 Advanced Topics in Creative Writing

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Advanced craft lessons and workshop in fiction, poetry, drama, screenwriting, and creative nonfiction.

Prerequisite: ( ENGL264 ) OR ( ENGL266 ) OR ( ENGL268 ) OR ( ENGL237 )

Corequisite:   None

ENGL425 Major American Writers

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

Examines one or several major American writers.

Prerequisite: ( ENGL100 AND ENGL110 ) OR ( ENGL220 ) OR ( ENGL230 ) OR ( ENGL231 ) OR ( ENGL240 ) OR ( HONR112 )

Corequisite:   None

ENGL435 Major British Writers

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3sh ]

Focuses on the major works of one or several major British writers.

Prerequisite: ( ENGL100 AND ENGL110 ) OR ( ENGL220 ) OR ( ENGL230 ) OR ( ENGL231 ) OR ( ENGL240 ) OR ( ENGL242 ) OR ( HONR112 )

Corequisite:   None

ENGL493 Student Teaching and Practicum 1 Secondary Education English
[Minimum Semester Hours: 6 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 6sh ]
Provides the capstone experience for pre-service teachers through two student teaching experiences at two levels (appropriate to certification areas and grade level ranges). Supervised practice in classrooms with certified teachers and regular practicum sessions introduce the student to the range and scope of a professional educator's responsibilities.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ENGL494 Student Teaching and Practicum 2 Secondary Education English
[Minimum Semester Hours: 6 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 6 sh]
Provides the capstone experience for pre-service teachers through two student teaching experiences at two levels (appropriate to certification areas and grade level ranges). Supervised practice in classrooms with certified teachers and regular practicum sessions introduce the student to the range and scope of a professional educator's responsibilities.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite: None

ENVT101 Introduction to Environmental Studies

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

An introduction to the historical and contemporary problems and dilemmas in environmental studies, their scientific bases, sociological implications, ethical dimensions, and avenues for constructive response.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ENVT328 Liberal Arts Seminar: Topics in Environmental Studies

[Minimum Semester Hours: 3 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

A thematic or topical approach to environmental issues. Topics might include the following: contemporary environmental problems, representations of nature in the arts and in culture, and environmental activism.

Prerequisite: None

Corequisite:   None

ENVT450 Capstone Research Project

[Minimum Semester Hours: 1 sh; Maximum Semester Hours: 3 sh]

An intensive independent research project related to the discipline of Environmental Studies. Ideally the project will also relate to the student's major concentration.

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