This laboratory manual, completed in printed form in 1998, is being converted to HTML, a process that will stretch into 2005. Only the experiments that have links are completed. Introductory material, appendices, and the first semester experiments are now online. The plan is to include student instructions and instructor's notes. Send comments to the email address at the bottom of the page. I will also include some links to related material, not necessarily in the form of lab experiments.
Notation: There's some inconsisetncy in equation styles at present, since this was a rush job. Back in 2004 HTML did not support mathematics symbols very well. Some equations are graphics, some are HTML. Some simplifications have been employed, for example: √(2A − x) is the square root of the quantity (2A − x). This is still correct style, but seldom used in textbooks these days. The ideal style for a square root is √2A − x , and one day I'll get around to converting these documents to use that form.
End of line breaks are a headache in HTML. One should always separate quantities and units by a space, as in 4.8 cm. But HTML will do a line break between the 4.8 and the cm unless one uses the non-breaking space entity between them. In many of these documents I used the simpler method of omitting the space. Likewise temperatures should have a space, as in 68 °F. But Celsius does not use the "degree" symbol: 20 C is preferred.
Also, I have not always shown algebraic quantities in italic. Someday I'll fix this. Students using word processors are not constrained by HTML limitations, and should use proper Greek letters for algebraic quantities, proper mathematical symbols and italicized equations. Some older browsers may not recognize some symbols, such as the script lower case "L" (ℓ) and h/2π = ℏ (h-bar).
Cartoon © 2001 by John C. Holden.